You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source, of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
2 For [gar] there was [kataskeuazo] a tabernacle [skene] made [kataskeuazo]; the first [protos], wherein [en] [hos] [te] was the candlestick [luchnia], and [kai] the table [trapeza], and [kai] the shewbread [prothesis] [artos]; which [hostis] is called [lego] the sanctuary [hagion].
3 And [de] after [meta] the second [deuteros] veil [katapetasma], the tabernacle [skene] which [ho] is called [lego] the Holiest of all [hagion] [hagion];
4 Which had [echo] the golden [chruseos] censer [thumiasterion], and [kai] the ark [kibotos] of the covenant [diatheke] overlaid [perikalupto] round about [pantothen] with gold [chrusion], wherein [en] [hos] was the golden [chruseos] pot [stamnos] that had [echo] manna [manna], and [kai] Aaron's [Aaron] rod [rhabdos] that budded [blastano], and [kai] the tables [plax] of the covenant [diatheke];
5 And [de] over [huperano] it [autos] the cherubims [cheroubim] of glory [doxa] shadowing [kataskiazo] the mercyseat [hilasterion]; of [peri] which [hos] we cannot [ou] [esti] now [nun] speak [lego] particularly [kata] [meros]. KJV-Interlinear
2 For there was a tabernacle prepared, the outer one, in which were the lampstand and the table and the sacred bread; this is called the holy place. 3 And behind the second veil, there was a tabernacle which is called the Holy of Holies, 4 having a golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden jar holding the manna, and Aaron's rod which budded, and the tables of the covenant. 5 And above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat; but of these things we cannot now speak in detail. NASB
Not only do we have the principles of doctrine taught from the analogy of Melchizedek, but we have the very design of the Temple and Tabernacle which first began in the desert immediately after the Exodus.
Both the tabernacle constructed by the Israelites in the desert as well as the Temple built by Solomon were temporary. The first tabernacle was built of hides and skins and wooden poles. It was never in a permanent place, but was set up when the Israelites camped and it was dismantled when the Israelites moved on in their journey.
The first tabernacle gave way to the Temple of Solomon. That was constructed of better material, but still those materials were not indestructible. That temple was destroyed by the Babylonians and then was rebuilt partially and then eventually replaced when Herod created his own temple.
Herod's temple was finally destroyed by the Romans in 70 A.D. That ended the earthly temple which was never intended to be a permanent temple anyway. Being Herod's temple it was no longer Gods temple. Man had taken over its meaning and purpose.
Next, the design of the temple speaks of a single means of access to God. That means of access being His very own Son who is the Savior, both God and man, Jesus Christ.
The temple faced east. There was only one gate of access into the temple on the east wall. One had to face west in order to enter into the Temple courtyard. In contrast Muslims face east in order to see their false god, Allah - completely opposite of that of Christianity, and an indication of their total rejection of Christ. They in effect turn their back on the real God and His plan.
By the way, only a couple of chapters in the whole Bible are written concerning the creation of the universe and the restoration of the earth. But the temple and tabernacle have fifteen chapters devoted to its design in Exodus alone, Ex. 25-40.
Access to the courtyard, which measured one hundred fifty feet long by seventy-five feet wide, was the single gate It measured thirty feet wide and seven and a half feet high. It was supposed to be a very large gate in order to allow passage of many people at the same time.
The gate, Jesus Christ. The single entry, 'I am the way.' There is only one path to God. But that path does not end at the gate.
In the courtyard, there is the court of the tabernacle. The tabernacle was a structure with two rooms. Immediately in front of the tabernacle and in direct line with the east gate, stood the bronze alter
It was on this alter that the blood sacrifices took place. These sacrifices portrayed the sacrifice of the Messiah. Also, no one could approach the tabernacle unless they first passed the bronze alter. The alter represents salvation by faith in Gods chosen Savior.
The next piece of furniture was the brazen laver. In that laver was water where the priests washed their hands and feet and instruments of the sacrifice. This is a picture of the spiritual life. No one can have a spiritual life unless they first enter into Gods plan by means of the east gate, pass the alter of salvation (faith in Christ), and cleanse themselves continually by means of the brazen laver (confession).
Then and only then, by being saved by faith in the sacrifice of the Savior, and by being in fellowship, can a person enter into the outer first room (the Holy Place) of the Tabernacle. Only priests are allowed into the outer room. A representation of believers in fellowship.
Inside of the outer room (the Holy Place), which was thirty feet long by fifteen feet wide, are several pieces of furniture. This outer room occupied two-thirds of the space occupied by the tabernacle. The inner room, the Holy of Holies, was fifteen feet by fifteen feet, or one-third of the space occupied by the tabernacle.
The two rooms were separated by a huge veil, as was the entry into the outer room separated from the tabernacle courtyard by a huge veil.
In the Holy Place, on the left, was a solid gold lampstand having seven branches, each filled with the purest olive oil. On the right was the table on which was the sacred bread, or show-bread. Every Sabbath twelve loaves of fresh bread were set on it, one for each of the twelve tribes. At the end of the week, the priests, and only the priests, were allowed to eat the loaves.
The lampstand represents the guiding light of the Savior, Jesus Christ. Its seven branches represent the pattern of spiritual growth which we studied recently in Isa. 11. The twelve loaves of bread represent Gods provision, Bible doctrine. This is the food of the spiritual life. Life by the way which exists only while inside of the Holy Place, or in fellowship with God. This environment is available to all believers who are in fellowship.
Next in the room is the golden alter of incense. This represents the prayers of believers in fellowship, the intermediary work and function of Christ as our intermediary, and the pleasing acceptance of this relationship by the Father to whom all prayer and communication is directed.
Then we approach the second veil which separates the Holy Place room from the inner room, the Holy of Holies. Into this room only the high priest can enter, once per year and on that day, the Day of Atonement, he can enter only twice. Only mature believers can have such a close relationship with God.
In the Holy of Holies there is only one piece of furniture, the Ark of the Covenant. This is a box which contained three articles - a golden jar holding manna, Aaron's rod which budded, and the tables of the covenant.
The Ark was made of acacia wood overlaid with gold, it was about three feet nine inches long, two feet three inches wide and two feet high. On the lid was the mercy seat, on which were the cherubim of glory, angelic figures made of solid gold. The mercy Seat was between the wings of those angels, and it is upon this mercy seat that God meets man.
22 And there I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for the sons of Israel. NASB
The cherub's represent Gods righteousness and Gods justice. Together these make up Gods Holiness.
The contents of the Ark represent Gods ability and provision and mans inability and need. Only one person sits upon the mercy seat, and that person is the Savior who has earned that place, Jesus Christ. This is the only place where man and God can meet. This eliminates all works, all sins, all means of mans attempted access to God, by means of mans own design.
Mankind can gain neither Gods level of existence nor perfection by means of his own effort or design. All religions that promotes mans good deeds or mans lustful desires as a means of access into heaven, are completely false.
Under the Old Testament, the lesson taught was that only one person can enter into the Holy of Holies in behalf of all, and that was the only legitimate High Priest chosen by God, the Savior, Jesus Christ. This priest was one chosen in accordance of the order of Melchizedek, which we have just studied. No Levite qualified for this position.
Note that the golden alter of incense is not inside of the second inner room, but in the first outer room, and past which one has go in order to enter into the inner room. Here Christ is pictured as interceding for us in all prayer and communication to the Father.
Now, Hebrews did not go into all of this detail, but we did in order to review the picture and principles of the tabernacle. Charts are on the web site, which you might want to print off to see a picture of the design.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.