You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source, of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
15 And [kai] for this [touto] cause [dia] he is [esti] the mediator [mesites] of the new [kainos] testament [diatheke], that [hopos] by means [ginomai] of death [thanatos], for [eis] the redemption [apolutrosis] of the transgressions [parabasis] that were under [epi] the first [protos] testament [diatheke], they which are called [kaleo] might receive [lambano] the promise [epaggelia] of eternal [aionios] inheritance [kleronomia]. KJV-Interlinear
15 And for this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance. NASB
Because Christ fulfilled His sacrificial death, then He has become the mediator of our new covenant with God. All human priests are no longer for this function. Human priests only teach the principle of Christ's position anyway.
What did we have before? Nothing. Sin is a filth. Sin is a flaw in ones character. Sin is a filth of which God can have no relationship. The penalty of sin is death.
4 'Behold, all souls are Mine; the soul of the father as well as the soul of the son is Mine. The soul who sins will die. NASB
Death is a separation. In this case the separation is from God. When you sin, you separate yourself from God. In order to recover your relationship with God, then you have to die a second time, and then recover yourself back to life. The separation from God is a spiritual death. The second death in this example is a physical death.
Now since none of us can die physically, and then recover back from that death, on our own, and then recover our spiritual life and relationship back to God, again on our own, then we are in a world of hurt. We are stranded without hope.
So onto the stage comes the Son of God. The Old Testament spells out in more than just a few places that the Son of God will be born and will assume human form. The Old Testament also states that this Messiah will have to die. This second part is generally rejected by the Israelites even though it is well documented by two of the most respected persons of the Old Testament - David and Isaiah, Psa. 22 and Isa. 53.
For the people who lived in history prior to the Cross (from Adam and Eve up to the Cross), salvation was the same as it is for us who have lived after the Cross - by faith. Those folks looked forward to the Cross although in most cases they did not know the nature of the Messiah's death. But still they had to believe that the Messiah who was promised, would come and accomplish His work in whatever fashion it would take. Such was the nature of their faith.
12 'And there is salvation in no one else; for there is no other name under heaven that has been given among men, by which we must be saved.' NASB
They did not have another method of salvation. They did not have anyone else to look to for their salvation. All people are saved by the work of Christ, the Son of God, the only Son of God, the anointed Messiah.
'Jesus' (Iesous) is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew 'Joshua' (yehoshua), meaning 'Yahweh is salvation.'
'Christ' (Christos) is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew 'Messiah' (mashiach), meaning 'anointed.'
So the name Joshua Messiah of the Hebrew is equivalent to the name Jesus Christ of the Greek. Though the name or title of the Savior was different words because of the different languages, they both meant the same thing. God is salvation, and anointed. Together they come to mean that God is the anointed (or chosen) savior.
The penalty for sin was paid by the Savior. He paid the penalty for all of mankind's sins for all of human history. Though the people who lived prior to the sacrifice of the messiah committed sins, those sins were considered as paid for by God since God had completed His plan in eternity past. They were as good as paid for.
24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a propitiation in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; NASB
3 For we who have believed enter that rest, just as He has said, 'As I swore in My wrath, They shall not enter My rest,' although His works were finished from the foundation of the world. NASB
The people who lived prior to the Cross received credit for their faith. And that credit was filled when Christ completed His work on the Cross historically.
Christ's atoning death was retroactive. This was pictured in the Day of Atonement offerings as the High Priest made a sacrifice for unknown or unintentional sins of the past year. This pictured Christ's sacrifice for all of mans sins prior to the Cross.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.