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Lesson # John 4:4-6
Study Material - John 4:4-6
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4 And He had to pass through Samaria. 5 So He came to a city of Samaria, called Sychar, near the parcel of ground that Jacob gave to his son Joseph; 6 and Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied from His journey, was sitting thus by the well. It was about the sixth hour.
There was bad feelings to say the least between the Samaritans and the Jews of Judea. When the ten tribes were over run by Assyria centuries earlier, the poor of the land were left behind to populate it, and these were the ancestors of Samaria. They worshipped God and built a temple in Gerizim, in competition with Jerusalem and thus even more bad feelings came from this. The Samaritans would have nothing to do with Jesus when they saw he was traveling to Jerusalem, Luke 9:53, and Jesus, on a later date, instructed his disciples not to enter into the cities of the Samaritans or follow the ways of the gentiles, Matt. 10:5. So there was a lot of prejudice between these two groups, and not because of color, but because of social issues. Samaritans were viewed as low life's, and the Jews of Judea were seen as arrogant hypocrites. Needless to say, they did not like each other.
Now Jesus Christ was traveling in their midst and stopped beside a well to rest for a bit. And this was in Samaria an otherwise negative group of people toward God, rejecting Gods commands, or at least superimposing their own little changes in the way they wished to worship Him. In some ways similar to the attitude of Cain. But we cannot avoid negative people as long as we live in this world, 1 Cor. 5:10. So we have to deal with them as best we can.
Jesus stopped by a well near the town of Sychar, 'falsehood', 'drunken', to the east of Shechem. Here was a well generally considered to have originated from Jacob, but there is no mention of a well in the Old Testament, in this area. Jacob did convey to Joseph and Joseph was buried in a parcel of land east of Shechem, Gen. 48:22, Josh. 24:32. So why is this important? The history of the scriptures and certainly the patriarchs was well known in this geographical area of Samaria. They had access to the scriptures and they had a knowledge of their own history. Yet the portions relating to Christ, the Son of God, the Savior, were apparently missing in their knowledge banks. They were an otherwise negative and ignorant people. But even in the midst of negative attitudes, there can exist some positive attitudes worth teaching the gospel there.
So Jesus sat at a well at a place rich in history, where Jacob later named Israel and the name of the nation, gave an inheritance to Joseph the leader of Egypt for a time and the bones of remembrance which the Jews kept as a reminder of Gods promise to deliver them. And which bones were buried in the parcel provided even after 400 years of slavery. All this reflects on the promises of God and His Word.
Now Jesus sits at this very spot when approached by a Samaritan woman. Jesus was tired, yet He was God. So Jesus was a true man who wears out after traveling about a half of a day, being around noon time at the sixth hour of the day. He was thirsty, so He had needs for refreshment as we all do after a long hard trip. He was poor. He traveled by foot, and not by horseback, not by carriage as a rich man would travel. He had no servants to draw the water for him, nor did he have the tools with which to draw the water himself. Thus he was very poor and helpless as the world would look at one in that position.
A conversation was about to take place with Jesus sitting on the very well dug by Jacob, on a parcel of ground given by Jacob to Joseph, whose bones represent the promises of God. Yet bones are of dead men and dead men have no sense of life.
So we too have our reminders daily. We do things over and over again and never see the importance of those things we do. The woman gets water from this well of history, but it is more than the history, it is the doctrine represented by the water, the promises of God to the patriarchs and even more than this. But the woman and her friends have never come to the knowledge of God or Christ despite their rich tradition in history. Our ancestors, our cultural background, our heritage whatever it may be, is totally worthless if there is not Bible doctrine in our lives. Our background cannot save us or even help us to contact our 'inner self' as some might think of it. Leaning on ones background is the policy of fools. Your ancestors are dead and that should tell you something!! Only God and Bible doctrine can bring eternal life and happiness into ones life. Heritage is good for scrap books, memory picture books and grand children, and exaggerated stories told by grandpa. Stories and history are good, because we can learn from them, but Bible doctrine is far better, because it secures our future.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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