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Lesson # John 12:1-3
Study Material - John 12:1-3
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1 Then [oun] Jesus [Iesous] six [hex] days [hemera] before [pro] the passover [pascha] came [erchomai] to [eis] Bethany [Bethania] , where [hopou] Lazarus [Lazaros] was [en] which [ho] had been dead [thnesko] , whom [hos] he raised [egeiro] from [ek] the dead [nekros] .
2 There [ekei] [oun] they made [poieo] him [autos] a supper [deipnon] ; and [kai] Martha [Martha] served [diakoneo] : but [de] Lazarus [Lazaros] was [en] one [heis] of them that sat at the table [sunanakeimai] with him [autos] .
3 Then [oun] took [lambano] Mary [Maria] a pound [litra] of ointment [muron] of spikenard [nardos] [pistikos] , very costly [polutimos] , and anointed [aleipho] the feet [pous] of Jesus [Iesous] , and [kai] wiped [ekmasso] his [autos] feet [pous] with her [autos] hair [thrix] : and [de] the house [oikia] was filled [pleroo] with [ek] the odour [osme] of the ointment [muron] . KJV-Interlinear
1 Jesus, therefore, six days before the Passover, came to Bethany where Lazarus was, whom Jesus had raised from the dead. 2 So they made Him a supper there, and Martha was serving; but Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with Him. 3 Mary therefore took a pound of very costly perfume of pure nard, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped His feet with her hair; and the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume. NASB
We have already learned from Matt. 26, that Jesus was in the home of Simon the leper. John places this passage, six days before Passover. While Matthew's book does not follow a precise chronology, the other three gospels have some semblance of chronology to them. I am not really trying to follow a chronology quite yet, but just want to bring out the varying attitudes that all of the players held during this last week and last day prior to the Crucifixion.
When we get to the arrest and trials of Jesus, then we will try to follow the time line as best we can. In which case we will be touching all four gospels.
With Jesus, are some of the recipients of His more notable miracles of His ministry, a leper healed and a dead man raised back to life. Not too many folks can put accomplishments like that on their resume'.
Simon still has a home despite his former affliction of leprosy. Lazarus is there reclined at the table and eating as he would on any other day of his life. Martha (always the domestic one) is serving and Mary is about to wash Jesus feet with some very expensive oil, drying them with her hair. She is truly humbled and honoring Jesus in whatever way she can. She is giving Him the washing that a dead body typically receives in preparation for burial.
Mary understands what is about to occur. We can assume that Martha understands as well, but she still involves herself with the routine of serving dinner to her guests. Life must go on, for this is not the final day of humanities existence.
There are six days remaining until the Passover Feasts. In Matthew a similar account is taking place only two days prior to the Passover. These events obviously occurred on more than one night. Jesus spent most of His time in Bethany during the week prior to the Feast celebrations. Why is that important? Remember that the chief priests have an 'All Points' issued in search for Jesus. And it would seem that everyone knows where He was as we will see in the next few verses.
He is neither hiding, nor making Himself unavailable to the authorities. They are just not ready to pursue Him under their own terms, and they do not really have any terms or a plan for that matter. We will also see in verse 42, that there will be some of the Priests who will believe in Jesus as Lord. This makes them hesitant to act against Him, but they are also fearful of the powers that be in Jerusalem.
Mary washes Jesus feet. Lazarus is reclining at the table. Martha is serving. They probably all sense a change in the events that are about to occur. Then there are the apostles. Judas is going to be the chief complainer, but he has an ulterior motive, and the other apostles will complain as well, but more on that tomorrow.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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