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Lesson # Luke 4:14a
Study Material - Luke 4:14a
You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source, of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
14 And Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit; and news about Him spread through all the surrounding district.
Luke writes with the perspective of Christ as a man, a genuine human being, which Jesus Christ of course is, as well as genuine God, the Son of God. Jesus Christ is the unique person of the universe. Both God and man in the same person in a unique joining of the two.
Luke picks up on Jesus journey after his testing in the desert, which occurred nearly a year and a half prior to this. The book of John fills in most of this gap following Jesus from the Jordan through Samaria to Capernaum. Luke follows Jesus' trip to Nazareth, His home town, and the subsequent rejection of Christ in Nazareth.
The parallel here, from Matthew and Mark, is His message that this is the time of the fulfillment of prophecy. You can glance ahead to verse 21. So we continue now in Luke.
Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit. And this is an important area of study which we need to really understand. Just what is the power of the Spirit? How is it related to the filling of the Spirit? How is that related to fellowship? What is indument of the Spirit? Was Jesus in the power of the Spirit prior to this, and if not, when did it begin?
The Spirit is God. The third person of the trinity. God the Holy Spirit is co-infinite, co-equal, and co-eternal with the Father and the Son. He possesses the same characteristics as the Father and the Son. The Spirit is neither greater than nor lessor than the Father or the Son. But for our understanding of God, these three personalities, which are separate and distinct from each other, have assumed separate and distinct roles. Since they are three, we refer to them as the trinity. This is a theological term for referring to the three members of the Godhead. The word 'trinity' never appears in the Bible, but is merely a convenient term for our reference to all three members of the Godhead. Just as in the Old Testament, the word 'Elohim' is a plural reference to all three members of the Godhead. And Jehovah is a singular reference to a specific member of the Godhead. The context of the passage usually dictates which person of the Godhead is being referred to at that moment.
One God, refers to Gods characteristics, which all three members possess - omniscience, omnipresence, omnipotence, veracity, love, righteousness, justice, immutability, sovereignty, eternal life. These ten characteristics belong to all three members of the Godhead.
Just as the Father and the Son have their respective duties in history with respect to mankind, so the Holy Spirit has duties. The duty of communicating Gods Word to us, the duty of giving us power in this life, the duty of revealing Gods plan to mankind. The Holy Spirit is the unseen power of God, the person through whom that unseen power of God, is conveyed to mankind. As such, the Holy Spirit is the agent, to mankind, for the execution of the Christian way of life. He is the principle minister to mankind, the link through which man has the opportunity to commune with God. But that opportunity is dependent on mans volition. God never forces man to have a relationship with God. God never tries to 'brainwash' anyone. His wisdom and truth are there for the taking, if one desires to learn and grow in Bible doctrine. But it is never forced on anyone.
Here is the distinction between the forces of this world which try to coerce, deceive, brainwash people into believing false concepts, and the world, fueled by our own sin natures, is very successful in fooling people. Were it not for the power of the Spirit, we would have no hope, nor even a prayer for getting out of our trap of sin and death.. But God in his infinite wisdom gave us a mechanism called fellowship, whereby we can have a relationship with God, and can have access to Gods power, security, safety, blessing and so forth while inside that sphere of power, which we call fellowship.
There is another significance to this passage and its reference to the 'power of the Spirit' which Jesus had, and that is, that this never had occurred before in history, not to anyone. Jesus had this power permanently, except for those three hours of judgment while on the Cross when the Holy Spirit withdrew from Him. While others in the Old Testament times, from Adam to Jesus time, had access to unique powers given by the Holy Spirit (such as the strength of Samson), which we call indument, they were never indwelled by the Holy Spirit as we are in our current Church Age. And indument was always temporary, never permanent. Indwelling of the Holy Spirit is unique to our current dispensation.
Jesus was the pattern for our blessing of indwelling. By the way our indwelling began at Pentecost which is the beginning of our Church Age. Pentecost occurred 50 days after the Cross. The Cross occurred just prior to the Passover celebration.
Indument, then, is the provision of temporary divine powers such as strength, or writing of scripture as David or Solomon or other prophets did, or the foretelling of prophecy, and so forth. But Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit and this is something very different, and the same something that is available to each one of us today. And it is not associated with any type of emotional reaction, nor some seizure like reaction. You can neither feel Gods power, nor sense it. We'll cover more on that in the next lesson.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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