Lesson # Luke 23:4-7
Study Material - Luke 23:4-7
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4 Then [de] said [epo] Pilate [Pilatos] to [pros] the chief priests [archiereus] and [kai] to the people [ochlos] , I find [heurisko] no [oudeis] fault [aition] in [en] this [touto] man [anthropos] .
5 And [de] they were the more fierce [epischo] , saying [lego] [hoti] , He stirreth up [anaseio] the people [laos] , teaching [didasko] throughout [kata] all [holos] Jewry [Ioudaia] , beginning [archomai] from [apo] Galilee [Galilaia] to [heos] this place [hode] .
6 When [de] Pilate [Pilatos] heard [akouo] of Galilee [Galilaia] , he asked [eperotao] whether [ei] the man [anthropos] were [esti] a Galilaean [Galilaios] .
7 And [kai] as soon as he knew [epiginosko] that [hoti] he belonged [esti] unto [ek] Herod's [Herodes] jurisdiction [exousia] , he sent [anapempo] him [autos] to [pros] Herod [Herodes] , who [on] himself [autos] also [kai] was [on] at [en] Jerusalem [Hierosoluma] at [en] that [tautais] time [hemera] . KJV-Interlinear
4 And Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, 'I find no guilt in this man.' 5 But they kept on insisting, saying, 'He stirs up the people, teaching all over Judea, starting from Galilee, even as far as this place.' 6 But when Pilate heard it, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7 And when he learned that He belonged to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent Him to Herod, who himself also was in Jerusalem at that time.
12 And while He was being accused by the chief priests and elders, He made no answer. 13 Then Pilate said to Him, 'Do You not hear how many things they testify against You?' 14 And He did not answer him with regard to even a single charge, so that the governor was quite amazed. NASB
3 And the chief priests began to accuse Him harshly. 4 And Pilate was questioning Him again, saying, 'Do You make no answer? See how many charges they bring against You!' 5 But Jesus made no further answer; so that Pilate was amazed. NASB
Pilate came back out with Jesus and announced that he 'found' no fault in Him. His specific word was 'find.' Which is to say that the court has made a decision and its finding is dismissal of the actions proposed, ie execution.
Pilate, a gentile, could find nothing criminal, and certainly nothing worthy of an execution.
This unleashed a furious barrage of accusations against Jesus by the chief priests. We also note that a crowd is beginning to assemble, 'the multitudes.' Word of this activity is beginning to spread in these early morning hours.
Pilate knew that the original charges against Jesus not only were religiously motivated rather than political but were also arbitrary and made out of their jealousy and envy. The charges they had just made regarding insurrection, not paying taxes, and claiming to be a king were fabricated solely for his benefit, in order to give a convenient political basis for judgment against Him as opposed to their religious agenda.
Pilate turned to Jesus and asked Him to comment or to defend Himself against these new re-assertions of charges against Him. Jesus remained silent. That silence was yet another testimony as to His perfect emotional state. Jesus was not flustered nor moved in any way because of these proceedings. This entire trial process was to give us in history a visual and recorded account of His impeccable and immaculate life and character. This all proves His true qualifications for going to the Cross in our behalf as a sacrifice for the sins of mankind.
Most people would be protesting their innocence and begging for mercy just to live. To find an accused who remained silent was probably unheard of. Certainly Pilate had reason for being perplexed over this event.
7 He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, So He did not open His mouth. NASB
The chief priests, and elders were bent on getting rid of someone who they saw as a threat to their livelihood, not to mention their jealousy of Him. Pilate saw a person who was being used for religious manipulation. God of course saw the focal point of all of history for which purpose that all of these events were swiftly coming to a climax. Gods sight is far reaching while mans foresight is extremely limited in this life.
Pilate was in a quandary. He was there to preserve the peace and not to insight a riot. If violence broke out, then his own position would be in jeopardy. He had made several blunders in recent years:
'He had governed Judea for some four or five years, but his rule had been marked by several serious misjudgments that threatened his office and even his life. First, he had deliberately offended the Jews by having his soldiers carry ensigns into Jerusalem that carried the likeness of Caesar. Because the Jews considered such images to be idolatrous, previous governors had carefully avoided displaying the emblems in public, especially in the holy city of Jerusalem. When a delegation of Jews persistently asked Pilate to remove the ensigns, he herded them into an amphitheater and threatened to have his soldiers cut off their heads if they did not desist. When the group bared their necks and threw themselves to the ground, defiantly asserting their willingness to die, Pilate withdrew both his threat and the ensigns. He had been sent to Palestine to keep the peace, not foment a revolution, which a massacre of those men would surely have precipitated.
A short while later, Pilate forcefully took money from the Temple treasury to erect an aqueduct. When the Jews again openly rioted, Pilate sent soldiers disguised as civilians among them to brutally slaughter many of the unsuspecting and unarmed protesters. Luke's reference to 'the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices' (Lk. 13:1) may relate to an additional cruel facet of that massacre.
Pilate's third public offense against the Jews was almost his undoing. He had special shields made for his guard at Fort Antonia and, no doubt intending to gain favor with the emperor, ordered likenesses of Tiberius engraved on the shields. This time the Jewish leaders appealed directly to Caesar, and Pilate's scheme backfired. Tiberius was more concerned about the genuine prospect of rebellion than the insincere flattery of Pilate, and he demanded that the shields be removed immediately.
Pilate was now justifiably afraid that another riot by the Jews would cost him his procuratorship. His brutal and senseless ambush of some Samaritan worshipers a few years later brought exactly that result. When the Samaritans appealed to the governor's immediate superior, the legate of Syria, that official ordered Pilate to Rome to explain his actions. His political career was ended, and tradition holds that he eventually committed suicide in Gaul, to which he had been banished.' End of quote.
(c) John MacArthur, Jr., 1883.
So, as soon as Pilate heard the words 'Galilee,' then he no doubt thought he had found a way out of this.
So now we are off to see Herod for the fifth trial.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
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