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Lesson # Luke 23:32-34
Study Material - Luke 23:32-34
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Luke 23:32-34 32 And [de] there were also [kai] two [duo] other [heteros] , malefactors [kakourgos] , led [ago] with [sun] him [autos] to be put to death [anaireo] . 33 And [kai] when [hote] they were come [aperchomai] to [epi] the place [topos] , which [ho] is called [kaleo] Calvary [kranion] , there [ekei] they crucified [stauroo] him [autos] , and [kai] the malefactors [kakourgos] , one [hos] [men] on [ek] the right hand [dexios] , and [de] the other [hos] on [ek] the left [aristeros] . 34 Then [de] said [lego] Jesus [Iesous] , Father [pater] , forgive [aphiemi] them [autos] ; for [gar] they know [eido] not [ou] what [tis] they do [poieo] . And [de] they parted [diamerizo] his [autos] raiment [himation] , and cast [ballo] lots [kleros] . KJV-Interlinear 32 And two others also, who were criminals, were being led away to be put to death with Him. 33 And when they came to the place called The Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 But Jesus was saying, 'Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.' And they cast lots, dividing up His garments among themselves. NASB
33 And when they had come to a place called Golgotha, which means Place of a Skull, 34 they gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall; and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink. NASB
23 And they tried to give Him wine mixed with myrrh; but He did not take it. 24 And they crucified Him, and divided up His garments among themselves, casting lots for them, to decide what each should take. 25 And it was the third hour when they crucified Him. 26 And the inscription of the charge against Him read, 'THE KING OF THE JEWS.' 27 And they crucified two robbers with Him, one on His right and one on His left. 28 [And the Scripture was fulfilled which says, 'And He was numbered with transgressors.'] NASB
18 There they crucified Him, and with Him two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. NASB
It is now 9 a.m. Jesus Christ along with two other convicted criminals have arrived at the place of execution.
And was numbered with the transgressors; NASB
In todays society we take great pains to make executions as humane as possible, without pain or suffering of any kind if possible, but back then, an execution was designed to inflict maximum pain and suffering and terror such that it might discourage others from crossing with the law.
Jesus was offered a mixture of cheap wine mixed with myrrh. This mixture is called 'gall'. It is a bitter tasting drink which acts like a drug to stupefy the victim. This keeps them from struggling about, while the soldiers are nailing them to the cross. Jesus refused this drink. Thus the maximum of pain will be inflicted on Him during this entire ordeal.
20 Reproach has broken my heart, and I am so sick. And I looked for sympathy, but there was none, And for comforters, but I found none. 21 They also gave me gall for my food, And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. NASB
The process of being crucified is dramatic and terrifying for the victim. Here is a description of the process:
A quote from, The Life of Christ, by Frederick Farrar, His book describes crucifixion as follows:
'A death by crucifixion seems to include all that pain and death can have of the horrible and ghastly -- dizziness, cramp, thirst, starvation, sleeplessness, traumatic fever, shame, publicity of shame, long continuance of torment, horror of anticipation, mortification of intended wounds -- all intensified just up to the point at which they can be endured at all, but all stopping just short of the point which would give to the sufferer the relief of unconsciousness,
The unnatural position made every movement painful; the lacerated veins and crushed tendons throbbed with incessant anguish; the wounds, inflamed by exposure, gradually gangrened [when a victim took several days to die] ; the arteries -- especially at the head and stomach -- became swollen and oppressed with surcharged blood, and while each variety of misery went on gradually increasing, there was added to them the intolerable pang of a burning and raging thirst, and all these physical complications caused an internal excitement and anxiety, which made the prospect of death itself -- of death, the unknown enemy, at whose approach man usually shudders most -- bear the aspect of a delicious and exquisite release.
One thing is clear. The first century executions were not like the modern ones, for they did not seek a quick, painless death nor the preservation of any measure of dignity for the criminal. On the contrary, they sought an agonizing torture which completely humiliated him. And it is important that we understand this, for it helps us realize the agony of Christ's death.'
Vol. 2 [New York: E. P. Dutton, 1877] , pp. 403-4.
Likewise from, The Crucifixion of Jesus, by Dr. Truman Davis, an additional description of Jesus' crucifixion follows:
'At this point another phenomenon occurs. As the arms fatigue, great waves of cramps sweep over the muscles knotting them in deep, relentless, throbbing pain. With these cramps comes the inability to push Himself upward. Hanging by His arms, the pectoral muscles are paralyzed and the intercostal muscles are unable to act. Air can be drawn into the lungs but cannot be exhaled. Jesus fights to raise Himself in order to get even one short breath. Finally, carbon dioxide builds up in the lungs and in the blood stream and the cramps partially subside. Spasmodically He is able to push Himself upward to exhale and bring in the life-giving oxygen ....
Hours of this limitless pain, cycles of twisting, joint-rending cramps, intermittent partial asphyxiation, searing pain as tissue is torn from His lacerated back as He moves up and down against the rough timber; then another agony begins. A deep crushing pain in the chest as the pericardium slowly fills with serum and begins to compress the heart.
It is now almost over, the compressed heart is struggling to pump heavy, thick, sluggish blood into the tissues. The tortured lungs are making a frantic effort to gasp in small gulps of air.'
'The Crucifixion of Jesus; The Passion of Christ from a Medical Point of View,' Arizona Medicine, vol. 22, Mar. 1965, pp. 183-87.
So now Jesus is stripped naked, before God and all of mankind to see and gawk at. He is laid out on the cross and tied to it. Then nails are driven through his hands and feet. First one hand, then the other hand, then the feet are nailed to the cross. The soldiers would then lift the heavy beams up and let them drop down with a heavy thud, into place, in a hole which had already been dug to hold up the cross.
Through all of this, he refused the drugged drink, and he made no sound, no cry of pain, nor any sign of terror or fear was on His face.
He said, 'Forgive them.' Those who were carrying out these events had no clue as to what they were doing. This to them, was just another execution of a man who got in the way of those in power. As far as they were concerned, this matter would be over and they (the chief priests, and elders and such), could get on with life as they knew it. But we know that this day was far from being over.
The chief priests were there right along with those who grieved and with the many who will mock and taunt Christ with verbal abuse. Their (the priests) place should have been in the Temple for this solemn occasion, and on this specific occasion they should have been teaching the crowd the principles of salvation which was being carried out before their very eyes. But of course, that was not the case.
It was 9 a.m. The days was Passover. At noon all leaven was to be removed from all homes and then the preparation of the sacrifices were to commence, but this year, these ritual observances would be interrupted and would not take place. It is now three hours until noon. Christ's testing to prove His qualification for this task is still continuing. Judgment against Him has not yet begun. For salvation, God the Father will judge and unleash all punishment for mans sins, against Christ, not man.
Thus far man had simply beaten and nailed Him to the Cross. These actions of man do not constitute judgment of sin. Man has no part in that action. Only God does all of the work. Only God will receive all of the credit.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
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