Subscribe Daily Bible Study Mailing List Receive Daily Bible Studies directly into your email inbox.
Lesson # Mark 3:17b
Study Material - Mark 3:17b
You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source, of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
17 And [kai] James [Iakobos] the son [ho] of Zebedee [Zebedaios] , and [kai] John [Ioannes] the brother [adelphos] of James [Iakobos] ; and [kai] he surnamed [epitithemi] [onoma] them [autos] Boanerges [Boanerges] , which is [ho esti] , The sons [huios] of thunder [bronte] : KJV-Interlinear
17 and James, the son of Zebedee, and John the brother of James (to them He gave the name Boanerges, which means, 'Sons of Thunder'); NAS
John is the third of the Apostles listed in this chapter. He is the brother of James. Probably the younger brother and had at least an equally outgoing personality qualifying him for the title 'Sons of Thunder' along with his brother, James. The following article comes from a difference resource, just to give you a look at a different publication. Most of these publications were written in the 1800's by the way. So our current century did not have a corner on how the Bible was viewed. These views have been around for a long time - about 2000 years and more if you consider the writings of Moses. So every generation in history has had Biblical information available to them just as we have it available. Only the technology has changed.
The following article is from the New Unger's Bible Dictionary, another good reference for those who are interested in reference material.
'JOHN (jon; Grk. 'Ioannes; from Heb. Yohanan, 'Jehovah is gracious').
JOHN THE APOSTLE (jon; Grk. 'Ioannes; from Heb. Yohanan, 'Jehovah is gracious'). The son of Zebedee, a fisherman on the Sea of Galilee, (Mark 1:19-20; Luke 5:10), and Salome (Matt 27:56; cf. Mark 15:40). We have no information respecting the religious character or personal participation of Zebedee in the events of the gospel history, but John's mother was one of the women who followed Jesus even to His crucifixion.
John was probably the younger brother of James (Matt 4:21). The mention of the 'hired servants' (Mark 1:20); of the 'private means' of those women who supported Jesus, which probably included Simone, John's mother (Luke 8:3); of 'his own household' (John 19:27), and of his acquaintance with Caiaphas the high priest (18:15) implies a position of at least considerable influence and means. His mother, who manifested an earnest desire for the welfare of her sons (Matt 20:20), probably instructed him in religious things. His trade of fisherman was adapted to holy meditation, since it frequently required him to pass whole nights in stillness upon the water.
Introduction to Jesus. The incident recorded in John 1:35-39 would seem to indicate that John had first become a disciple of John the Baptist. His mention of Andrew only by name is consistent with his usual manner of naming himself as 'the other disciple,' the disciple 'whom Jesus loved.' John was probably among the disciples who followed their new Teacher to Galilee (1:43), were with Him at the marriage feast of Cana (2:2), journeyed with Him to Capernaum and thence to Jerusalem (2:12,23), and came back through Samaria (4:5). He then returned to his former occupation.
As Apostle. At last the time came when the disciples were to enter into closer relation to Jesus and become His apostles. John, with his brother James, Simon, and Andrew, were called at the same time to be 'fishers of men' (Mark 1:17-20; Luke 5:10). John, with Peter and James, was distinguished above the other apostles, entering more fully into the Master's feelings and plans, and receiving in return His confidence and love. Mention is made of John at the restoration of Peter's mother-in-law (Mark 1:29-31); at the ordination of the twelve apostles (3:17b), where he and his brother received the surname Boanerges ('sons of thunder') from Jesus; at the raising of Jairus's daughter (5:35-37; 8:51); at the transfiguration (Matt 17:1; Mark 9:2; Luke 9:28); rebuking one who cast out devils in the Lord's name because he was not one of their company (9:49); seeking to call down fire from heaven upon a village of the Samaritans (9:54); joining with his mother and James in asking for the highest places in the kingdom of the Master (Matt 20:20-28; Mark 10:35-45); with Jesus upon the Mount of Olives when He foretold the destruction of Jerusalem (13:3); sent by the Master to prepare, with Peter, the Passover (Luke 22:8); asking Jesus, at the Last Supper, who would betray Him (John 13:23-26); with Peter and James in Gethsemane (Mark 14:32-33). When the betrayal occurred, Peter and John followed from a distance and, through the personal acquaintance between the latter and Caiaphas, gained admittance into the palace (John 18:15-16). John was the only disciple present at the crucifixion and was appointed by Jesus to care for Mary (19:26-27).
Friendship for Peter. Notwithstanding the denial of Peter, he and John continued to be friends and are afterward often mentioned together. To them Mary Magdalene first ran with the news of the empty tomb (John 20:2). They were the first to reach the tomb and look inside (20:4-8). For at least eight days they remained in Jerusalem (20:26), after which they returned to the Sea of Galilee, pursuing their old trade (21:1). John was the first to recognize the risen Lord; Peter was the first to plunge into the water and swim toward the shore where Jesus stood (21:7). Peter's affection and anxiety for John are shown in his question, 'Lord, and what about this man?' (21:21).
History of Acts. The same union continues in Scripture between Peter and John. Together they witnessed the ascension and shared in the election of Matthias and the baptism at Pentecost. Together they entered the Temple as worshipers (Acts 3:1), were imprisoned, and protested against the threats of the Sanhedrin (4:3-21). They were also sent together to preach to the Samaritans (8:14). John and the rest of the apostles remained at their post despite the persecution of Saul (cf. 8:1). He did not meet Paul when the latter came back to Jerusalem as a convert (Gal 1:19); but this, of course, does not make the inference necessary that he had left Jerusalem. During the persecution under Herod Agrippa he lost his brother, James, by martyrdom (Acts 12:2), while his friend Peter sought safety in flight (12:18-19). Fifteen years after Paul's first visit he was still at Jerusalem (Conybeare and Howson, Life and Epistles of Paul). He was one of the 'pillars' of the church and took part in settling the controversy between the Jewish and Gentile Christians (15:6-13; 2:9). We have only the slightest trace of the work of the apostle during this period.
After His Departure from Jerusalem. John probably remained in Judea till the death of Mary released him from his promise. When this took place we can only speculate. There are no signs of his being at Jerusalem at the time of Paul's last visit (Acts 21). 'Assuming the authorship of the epistles and Revelation to be his, the facts which the New Testament writings assert or imply are: 1. That, having come to Ephesus, some persecution drove him to Patmos (Rev 1:9). 2. That the seven churches in Asia Minor were the special objects of his affectionate solicitude (1:11); that in his work he had to encounter men who denied the truth on which his faith rested (1 John 4:1; 2 John 7), and others who disputed his authority (3 John 9-10).' If we add to this that he must have outlived all, or nearly all, of those who had been the friends and companions of even his maturer years; that this lingering age gave strength to an old impression that his Lord had promised him immortality (John 21:23); that, as if remembering the actual words that had been thus perverted, the longing of his soul gathered itself up in the cry, 'Come, Lord Jesus' (Rev 22:20), we have stated all that has any claim to the character of historical truth.
Writings. The following books of the NT are generally accepted as having been written by the apostle John: the gospel, the three epistles bearing his name, and the Revelation.'
End of the article.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
If you enjoy these Bible Studies, please consider making a Donation
Subscribe Daily Bible Study Mailing List Receive Daily Bible Studies directly into your inbox.