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Lesson # Mark 3:18g
Study Material - Mark 3:18g
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18 And [kai] Andrew [Andreas] , and [kai] Philip [Philippos] , and [kai] Bartholomew [Bartholomaios] , and [kai] Matthew [Matthaios] , and [kai] Thomas [Thomas] , and [kai] James [Iakobos] the son [ho] of Alphaeus [Alphaios] , and [kai] Thaddaeus [Thaddaios] , and [kai] Simon [Simon] the Canaanite [Kananites] , KJV-Interlinear
18 and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Thaddaeus, and Simon the Zealot; NAS
The eleventh Apostle listed in this chapter is Simon.
This article from the McClintock and Strong Encyclopedia, is the most information that seems to be available about Simon, and that isn't very much.
SIMON, Greek personal name meaning, 'flat-nosed.'
Another of the apostles, distinguished from the preceding as 'the Canaanite,' or rather Cananite (Matt 10:4; Mark 3:18), otherwise described as Simon Zelotes (Luke 6:15; Acts 1:13). The latter term which is peculiar to Luke, is the Greek equivalent for the Chaldee term preserved by Matthew and Mark, as in text. recept., or kananai, as in the Vulg., Cananoeus, and in the best modern editions. Each of these equally points out Simon as belonging to the faction of the Zealots, who were conspicuous for their fierce advocacy of the Mosaic ritual. The term Kananith appears to have survived the other as the distinctive surname of Simon. He has been frequently identified with Simon the brother of Jesus, although Eusebius (H.E. 3, 11) clearly distinguishes between the apostles and the relations of Jesus. It is less likely that he was identical with Symeon, the second bishop of Jerusalem, as stated by Sophronius (App. ad Hieron. Catal.). Simon the Canaanite is reported, on the doubtful authority of the Pseudo-Dorotheus and of Nicephorus Callistus, to have preached in Egypt, Cyrene, and Matritania (Burton, Lectures, 1, 333, note), and, on the equally doubtful authority of an annotation preserved in an original copy of the Apostolical Constitutions (8, 27), to have been crucified in Judaea in the region of Domitian.
End of the article.
Now we have covered the first eleven of the apostles. The twelfth, Judas was a phony, an unbeliever, and we won't meet Paul (formerly Saul) a very self righteous murderer, for a while yet. He does not come into the picture until after the resurrection of Christ. That is also when the Royal Family comes into the picture.
There are a couple of issues or principles of doctrine that come out of this. The first eleven apostles are a good representation of the nation of Israel, of its incompleteness, and of its failure. Judas is that failure. He betrayed Jesus just as the nation of Israel betrayed God throughout their history.
But so as Joseph received a double portion, so too we have the onset of Paul, a despicable person at first, just as the gentiles were regarded as despicable throughout the Old Testament, but now responding to Christ, and therefore the recipient of the double portion (Paul wrote most of the New Testament), declared the first born son (Royal Family), and heir (joint heir) with Christ. Our current age, the Age of the Royal Family, or the Church Age as it is often called, being 'set apart' from the Age of Israel.
There is also the implication of the interruption of the Age of Israel. That is, eleven (incomplete) apostles selected during that Age, and the double portion (twelfth and thirteenth witnesses) being selected during the tribulation. That period being the completion of the Age of Israel, its final seven years, and the two witnesses who will be brought back (from the age of Israel - Elijah and Moses) during that time period.
God does nothing by chance. Only eleven apostles were selected. Why? The eleventh was a false apostle. Why? There is always a purpose or a representation for everything in life that points to some principle of doctrine. Just as circumcision points to the principle of faith, and a womans monthly cycle points to the principle of fellowship (the cleansing away of sin).
We have spent this last whole week going over the profiles of these eleven apostles. We find that we don't really know very much about any of them, and that is probably a good thing. Some try to take Peter for example an make him the foundation of their organization, but Peter is just a man, and one who failed over and over again. Even Paul chewed him out on one occasion over the issues of Jewish ritual. We are not to look at any of these men, because they are not the celebrities of history. There is only one celebrity, Jesus Christ. No politician, no national leader, no entertainer, no sports, no one should even be looked at as a role model or a celebrity, except of course Jesus Christ.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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