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Lesson # Matt. 12:9-13
Study Material - Matt. 12:9-13
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9 And [kai] when he was departed [metabaino] thence [ekeithen] , he went [erchomai] into [eis] their [autos] synagogue [sunagoge] :
10 And [kai] , behold [idou] , there was [en] a man [anthropos] which had [echo] his hand [cheir] withered [xeros] . And [kai] they asked [eperotao] him [autos] , saying [lego] , Is it lawful [ei] [exesti] to heal [therapeuo] on the sabbath days [sabbaton] ? that [hina] they might accuse [kategoreo] him [autos] .
11 And [de] he said [epo] unto them [autos] , What [tis] man [anthropos] shall there be [esomai] among [ek] you [humon] , that [hos] shall have [echo] one [heis] sheep [probaton] , and [kai] if [ean] it [touto] fall [empipto] into [eis] a pit [bothunos] on the sabbath day [sabbaton] , will he [krateo] not [ouchi] lay hold [krateo] on it [autos] , and [kai] lift it out [egeiro] ?
12 How much [posos] then [oun] is a man [anthropos] better than [diaphero] a sheep [probaton] ? Wherefore [hoste] it is lawful [exesti] to do [poieo] well [kalos] on the sabbath days [sabbaton] .
13 Then [tote] saith [lego] he to the man [anthropos] , Stretch forth [ekteino] thine [sou] hand [cheir] . And [kai] he stretched it forth [ekteino] ; and [kai] it was restored [apokathistemi] whole [hugies] , like as [hos] the other [allos] . KJV-Interlinear
9 And departing from there, He went into their synagogue. 10 And behold, there was a man with a withered hand. And they questioned Him, saying, 'Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?'-- in order that they might accuse Him. 11 And He said to them, 'What man shall there be among you, who shall have one sheep, and if it falls into a pit on the Sabbath, will he not take hold of it, and lift it out? 12 'Of how much more value then is a man than a sheep! So then, it is lawful to do good on the Sabbath.' 13 Then He said to the man, 'Stretch out your hand!' And he stretched it out, and it was restored to normal, like the other.
The value of life overrules arrogant regulation everytime. Jesus gave the Pharisees the rule of God - compassion verses regulation. Now for the illustration.
They had finished the discussion and Jesus knew that thewre would be those needing healing in the synagogue. The Pharisees knew this also. They saw an opportunity to set Jesus up for accusation, or violation of their Sabbath law. Jesus, on the other hand, saw an opportunity to demonstrate their hypocracy - mans value vs an animals value. An animal is beneath that of mankind when it comes to value. Yet there are many human rules in existence even today which place animals above that of the value of a person - especially women in some regions of the world.
For example, Hinduism has an unbelievable disregard for human welfare even when it cites human welfare as its objective. A beggar is refused food because it would interfere with his karma and prevent him from suffering his way to the next highest level of existence. A fly is not killed because it is considered the reincarnation of some unfortunate human being of past ages. Rats are not killed for the same reason. They are even allowed to eat and contaminate food supplies without any interference. Cows are considered sacred and are given what food is available, while human beings are allowed to starve.
In some circles, medical aid is refused because of a belief in faith healing. And the list of human arrogance and its repercussions of stupidity continue.
Jesus faced the most arrogant of all generations. He, God, stood before them, yet they refused to see His identity. They in fact defiantly refused. This pattern of defiance is not uncommon. Many people will function in their jobs and refuse to take the necessary steps to be responsible, even knowing that their actions are wrong and that their actions, which they persist in, will place their fellow workers or company of family in jeopardy. So don't restrict this lesson to only a religious point. It has many daily life applications. People are irresponsible when it comes to finance, drug abuse, alcohol and so forth.
These Pharisees refused to give help to someone in need when help was available and with virtually no effort on their part. Their rules were greater than human needs and perpetuated human suffering, and therefore their rules were wrong.
Jesus uses an illustration of a sheep which has fallen into a pit. Apparently there were, or this is at least implied and not contested by the Pharisees, therefore assumesd to be a correct, but there were rules that allowed certain exceptions of work when there was some form of great need, ie. a mans only sheep (implied financial loss) has fallen into a pit.
In contrast here is a man whose hand is diseased. The disease was not life threatenting and one could presume that it could have waited until the next day for healing. Why not respect the Sabbath laws?
God has no respect for mans worthless laws. Only man is impressed with his own regulatory rules over life. The man was in need of help now. Help was available now. There was no need to wait due to superficial rules. Jesus healed the man immediately.
Was the sheep of more value than a man? Yet there are rules for saving a sheep on the Sabbath, but no room for helping heal a mans hand.
Beware of liberal thought. Most people think of contemporary liberal political definitions, but that is not what is intended in this Bible study. Conservative concepts carry some presumed contempoary political definitions as well, but again these do not apply in this Bible study. The conservative person is one who maintains the standards of Biblical principle. He is not a dull 'Joe' who goes around saying 'amen' and such. Nor does he need to wear old clothes and be poor. Quite the contrary. A persons outward speech, appearance, and possessions are not even the issue. Bible doctrine in the soul is the issue.
Any diviation from Bible doctirne is by default liberal thinking. Liberal thinking is a departure from God God intends. How do we know what God intends? We study our Bibles daily and we learn. Simple as that. By the way this is only to clarify some confusion with regard to my use of the terms of liberal and conservative. Too much TV out there for folks I guess. But too, many liberal views of the current day are out of line, just as are many ultra conservative views.
Liberal thought seeks control and restricts freedom. Conservative views seeks lass control and greater human freedom. The Pharisees sought greater control and continued human suffering just becaus they had some rule on the books that, though clearly wrong, could not be overcome in their own minds simply because it was accepted law. Jesus demomnstrated their hypocracy when comparing the application of law to animals compared to man, as well as their selfish and continued defiance against God - who by the way is somewhat smarter and wiser than us all.
God cares more for us in a second, than the world will ever care in its combined history. So where does the wisdom reside, and where does one look to for answers to lifes questions? To God, or do we seek some better source?
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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