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Lesson # Matt. 17:3-4
Study Material - Matt. 17:3-4
You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source, of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
3 And [kai] , behold [idou] , there appeared [optanomai] unto them [autos] Moses [Moseus] and [kai] Elias [Helias] talking [sullaleo] with [meta] him [autos] .
4 Then [de] answered [apokrinomai] Peter [Petros] , and said [epo] unto Jesus [Iesous] , Lord [kurios] , it is [esti] good [kalos] for us [hemas] to be [einai] here [hode] : if [ei] thou wilt [thelo] , let us make [poieo] here [hode] three [treis] tabernacles [skene] ; one [mia] for thee [soi] , and [kai] one [mia] for Moses [Moseus] , and [kai] one [mia] for Elias [Helias] . KJV-Interlinear
3 And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him. 4 And Peter answered and said to Jesus, 'Lord, it is good for us to be here; if You wish, I will make three tabernacles here, one for You, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah.' NAS
Much has been written regarding the Transfiguration and the meeting which included Jesus Christ, Moses, Elijah, and the three disciples - Peter, James and John. Much of that written and said is generally in error. Here is the central focus of history. Moses and Elijah represent the Old Testament. Moses and the prophets is the phrase generally referred to when speaking of the Old Testament scriptures.
By being here with Christ on the mountain top, they affirm once again that, 'this is the Christ, the Messiah, the one of whom we (Moses and the prophets) have written about, the one from whom we received power in our ministries, and the one in whom all life is given meaning.
We borrow from Lk. 9:31 to discover that these three (Christ, Moses, and Elijah) were talking together. They were discussing the mission of Christ, 'who, appearing in glory, were speaking of His departure which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.'
This 'departure' is a Greek word comparable to the 'exodus.' Out of bondage, the children of Israel were taken, freed from sin and death. And now in just six short months, Jesus was going to Jerusalem to accomplish the 'exodus' of all of mankind, by going to the Cross and then rising from the dead in total victory. Moses and Elijah knew full well the plan of God, and mission and purpose of Jesus Christ's First Advent. They were the representations of the shadows of the Old Testament looking forward to the reality of the Cross. Jesus Christ was that reality.
Further, Peter, James and John, who had fallen asleep due to the awesome glory of Christ's appearance, were now awake. Peter speaks up, 'not knowing what he is saying,' but giving us a clue as to the time frame of this Transfiguration.
Peter wanted to build three dwellings (tabernacles) in honor of the three standing before him. But even as he was speaking the two (Moses and Elijah) were fading from the scene. The Old Testament faded away to make way for the reality and the truth of Christ just as John the Baptist faded from the scene as he was finished in his preparation of the way of the Lamb of God.
Peter wanted to make three dwellings, but not just any dwellings, these were ceremonial dwellings. After the exodus, annual feasts were established. In the fall, in October, the Feast of the Tabernacles was celebrated. During that feast, small shelters or tabernacles were set up in honor of the small dwellings that the Israelites built and lived in during their time in the desert, Lev. 23:33-44. In Zech. 14:9,16, this is also called the Feast of Booths.
This Feast is the only Feast, of all the former feasts, that will be held during the Millennium, 'the Lord will be king over all the earth; in that day the Lord will be the only one, and His name the only one. Then it will come about that any who are left of all the nations that went against Jerusalem will go up from year to year to worship the King, the Lord of hosts, and to celebrate the Feast of Booths.'
This feast, the Feast of Tabernacles, will be remembered every year for a thousand years as a picture of Gods deliverance and preservation of His people.
Peter hearing the conversation regarding the 'departure' set before Christ to occur in Jerusalem, and with his personal knowledge of the Feasts, further not knowing what he was saying, he would spout off that which was current in his mind, the Feast which was being held down the mountain, and of which he was no doubt aware.
It is by no accident that these three met, the law and the prophets (Moses and Elijah) and the fulfillment of the law and the prophets, (Jesus Christ), and the mention of the only celebration to be remembered after the Kingdom of God is established in the Millennium, wherein Christ will rule as the sole ruler in all of His divine glory. The mission of Moses and Elijah was temporary and their testimony to Christ was now near completed. They have but one more mission, and that will not occur until the Tribulation when they once again return as the two powerful witnesses, and forerunners of the return of the glorified Christ in His Second Advent.
Jesus Christ, as far as history was now concerned, was to become the unchallenged master of men and nations, and over all of creation.
To the two men, Moses and Elijah, the conversation was one of common knowledge and understanding. They knew what history was all about. To the three, of whom Peter was the only one to speak out (without thinking), the conversation was one of emotion without thought. They understood the words, but hadn't a clue as to the reality of it all.
Now you and I are faced each and everyday, with our response to Bible study and to our responsibilities to God. Do we begin to understand and then get our life's priorities in order, or do we become or remain emotional, or just clueless as to our role in history?
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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