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Lesson # Matt. 22:24
Study Material - Matt. 22:24
You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source, of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
24 Saying [lego] , Master [didaskalos] , Moses [Moseus] said [epo] , If [ean] a man [tis] die [apothnesko] , having [echo] no [me] children [teknon] , his [autos] brother [adelphos] shall marry [epigambreuo] his [autos] wife [gune] , and [kai] raise up [anistemi] seed [sperma] unto his [autos] brother [adelphos] . KJV-Interlinear
24 saying, 'Teacher, Moses said, 'If a man dies, having no children, his brother as next of kin shall marry his wife, and raise up an offspring to his brother.' NAS
The Sadducees brought up a rather cynical and ridiculous question for Jesus to answer. You can just see their glee and the smirks on their faces as they thought up the question in the first place, and then in the presentation of it to Jesus. They probably thought this would put Jesus on the spot, and bring questions concerning the problems that would exist in heaven in eternity (which they did not believe in).
The chances that a single husband would die, having a brother who would be willing to take his widowed wife as his wife, are not unreasonable, and certainly could happen. The chances that this scenario might repeat itself a second time, ie. the second husband dies and there is yet a third brother who would be willing to take the widowed woman as wife, is probably possible as well. But when you come up with a scenario like this, repeating itself seven times is a bit far fetched.
Thus the duplicity of the Sadducees. They are not concerned with the law of 'levirate' of which this practice is called. That law, or really it was a tradition practiced among many races and was not limited to the Israelites, but that law meant that when a husband died, having no children, then it is the right of his unmarried brother or nearest unmarried male relative, to take the widow as his wife.
When they have a male child, then this first born male child is recognized as belonging to the previous husband who had died. The child would carry the original husbands name, and thus the objective of this was to preserve the family name and assets through that first born son.
The Law was written by Moses in Deu. 25:5-6. There is also an out for the pair, presented in Deu. 25:7+, and if there are children (daughters) then this practice was not mandated nor was a formal refusal required, Num. 27:8.
An example of rigid enforcement of this practice is given in Gen. 38:8-10, where Er son of Judah, died, and Judah made his brother, Onan, take up with the widowed wife. Onan did not honor the marriage vows and took only the sex, even cheating in that intimacy, and was killed by God for his sin.
On the honorable side of this practice is the book of Ruth, which we have already studied, wherein Boaz became Ruth's redeemer, and not only gave her a very good marriage, but she along with Boaz became a part of the preservation of the line of Christ.
This whole process is a picture of mankind carrying the spiritual banner on from on generation to the next. One generation learns Bible doctrine, and teaches it to the next. When the first generation dies, then it is the obligation of the next generation to pick up that responsibility and carry it to their children, the next generation, and so on throughout history.
Even marriage is a picture of the intimate and sacred union of Christ our Lord (the male side of the relationship), and Bible doctrine (the binding oath between the male and female parties), and spiritual growth to maturity (the female response side of the relationship), which when all are brought together, forms a perfect completion of the soul of the believer.
These Sadducees bring all of this into their question without even understanding the implications or the spiritual representations of these concepts.
They raise the name of Moses, and even quote from him, a man who is dead, and yet they do not even believe in a resurrection. They ridicule the concept of heaven, with the implication of nothing but trouble in heaven when there is more than one spouse in a marriage sequence of a persons life. They ridicule marriage in the repetitive taking of a woman by brother after brother after brother. And throughout it all, they are the priests of the Temple. Priests are representatives of God. So if there is a God, then why would He create man and then abandon him in death? Their duplicity, their hypocrisy, their deceit should be very obvious.
They, the Sadducees, do not seek the truth, but only to destroy Jesus, whom they feel is nothing more than a threat to their way of life. They care nothing about tradition. They care nothing about marriage. They care nothing about life after death. They care nothing about God. God to them is a leverage, suitable and convenient for their use against the masses, whom they see as gullible, and the means to gaining a lot of profit and power.
If they were indeed interested in the truth, then they would examine this whole situation more objectively - ie., the scriptures, the prophecies, the timing of these historical events, the miracles, the line of the Messiah, and so forth. But, they were not interested.
But too, it is that way with a lot of people. The facts are there before us all. All of the illustrations of the spiritual life and even of the existence of God, which we have in our everyday life. But who sees them? And, who does something about it all?
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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