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Lesson # Matt. 22:41-42
Study Material - Matt. 22:41-42
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41 While [de] the Pharisees [Pharisaios] were gathered together [sunago] , Jesus [Iesous] asked [eperotao] them [autos] ,
42 Saying [lego] , What [tis] think [dokeo] ye [humin] of [peri] Christ [Christos] ? whose [tis] son [huios] is he [esti] ? They say [lego] unto him [autos] , The Son of David [Dabid] . KJV-Interlinear
41 Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, 42 saying, 'What do you think about the Christ, whose son is He?' They said to Him, 'The son of David.' NAS
Jesus and Joshua are essentially the same name. Joshua is the Hebrew term, and Jesus is from the Greek. Since Greek was now spoken in Judea, more so than the Hebrew, people would refer to the savior as Jesus which means 'Jehovah is Salvation.'
Likewise Christ is from the Greek and Messiah which is the same term, is from the Hebrew. These two words mean, 'Anointed One.'
When placed together you should be able to deduce that Jehovah, the personal name of God, the second person of the trinity, is the one who will bring salvation, and it is He who is to be the anointed one. One here is 'unique one.' For there is but one savior, not two or three, but only one savior in all of human history.
Furthermore, this savior was to be a descendant of David. Now how can that be if the savior is God. Still that is the emphasis here. We have already seen that the Lord is 'unique' from Deuteronomy, but the Old Testament scriptures are filled with references to His relationship with David as the Son of David. This is the point that the Pharisees picked up on immediately. Well, they have read some of the scriptures anyway ... 'Have you not read ???' Was the question often asked of them.
In 2 Sam. 7:12+ and following, David is said to have a descendant who will reign forever. Likewise in Eze. 37:21+, Mic. 5:2, Amos 9:11, and extensively in Psa. 89. All these passages and more look for the savior to come through the line of David. From Moses' time very articulate records of family lineage were kept in order to preserve adequate documentation and proof as to ones ancestry. If you could not prove from whom you were descended, then you could not hold any formal office within the Temple or in any other formal office of the Jewish government. When many returned from Babylon to Judah, their records had been lost in the prior invasion, and thus they were excluded from Temple work.
You can bet that since these detailed records were kept and held in very high regard within the Jewish community, that the Pharisees had already verified Jesus claim as being the Son of David. Were it not so, and were it not verifiable, then they would long ago called Him a fraud. But this charge was never made.
Named at birth, Jehovah is Salvation, and the rightful descendant of David, not just through one parent but through both parents, Joseph and Mary, as both were legitimate descendants of David, then Jesus was called Lord and Son of David on several occasions in Matt.. 1, 3, 9, 12, and 20 by common citizens. This implies they knew the scriptures with respect to the identity of the savior and with respect to His relationship with not only David, but with God. John the Baptist identified Him as the Lamb of God, and witnessed the anointing of the Holy Spirit on Jesus some 3 ½ years prior.
But even more important, David himself recognized the promise of an heir and the uniqueness of that heir, who will be both his son, and his Lord in the unique person of the universe. But that lesson is for tomorrow.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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