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1 John 1:6-7
6 If [ean] we say [epo] that [hoti] we have [echo] fellowship [koinonia] with [meta] him [autos], and [kai] walk [peripateo] in [en] darkness [skotos], we lie [pseudomai], and [kai] do [poieo] not [ou] the truth [aletheia]:
7 But [de] if [ean] we walk [peripateo] in [en] the light [phos], as [hos] he [autos] is [esti] in [en] the light [phos], we have [echo] fellowship [koinonia] one with another [meta] [allelon], and [kai] the blood [haima] of Jesus [Iesous] Christ [Christos] his [autos] Son [huios] cleanseth [katharizo] us [hemas] from [apo] all [pas] sin [hamartia]. KJV-Interlinear
6 If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth; 7 but if we walk in the light as He Himself is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus His Son cleanses us from all sin. NASB
Ok. We have to review here a little bit. The illustration is a very simple one, but the principle is the most important principle of the Christian life. For in it, is the determination of whether you will even have a spiritual life or not.
So. God is light. That is representative of Gods righteousness, His perfection. Darkness is the absence of Gods righteousness. In God, there is no darkness.
In order to have a relationship with God, you have to be in the light with Him. He will not come to the darkness to commune with you. And in this we are speaking of God the Father. He is the ultimate destination of our relationship with God. Our path takes us to Him, through the Son, Jesus Christ.
To have a relationship with the Son, is to say that you have a relationship with the Father as well, for they are both God.
If we in our self righteousness, we say that we have a relationship with God, and yet we walk (live our daily life) in the darkness, then we are liars. We deceive ourselves. We might think of ourselves as nice people. We might think of ourselves as doing all that we need to do in order to be acceptable by God. We might feel that we are not doing anything which we deem is unreasonable. We might feel that what we do harms no one, therefore we have a right to choose our own set of moral standards. And on and on we go with our own self invented definition of right from wrong beliefs.
Yet if these are not authorized in the bible as being legitimate righteousnesses, then they are not. They are darkness, or the absence of Gods perfection standards.
If God is light to the exclusion of all darkness, then fellowship with darkness excludes fellowship with Him. You cannot have it both ways.
Now, there are two aspects of fellowship. The first is concerned with the work of Christ on the Cross, or our salvation fellowship. The second has to do with our function in life after salvation, or the concept of forgiveness of your sins after salvation.
John addresses the function of salvation in your fellowship life in these verses. Forgiveness is discussed in verse 9.
If we have entered in to the light (salvation by believing in Christ) and therefore live in the light (as a saved believer), then we have fellowship in that we have believed in the one and only Son of God, Jesus Christ. Why?
Because, the work of the Cross cleansed all the encumbrances which sin and death had on our individual lives.
Now, Christ went to the Cross, and paid the price for sin as Gods justice demanded. Justice is the function of cleansing away all the filth which sin brings to life. And among other things, it is the redemption of our debt, by Christ.
The work of Christ paid the price, and cleansed us of our slavery and obligation to sin once, on the Cross, with the result that it remains cleansed (paid in full) permanently forever. You only have to believe in Christ once, to be saved. Once saved always saved. You cannot lose your salvation.
The Cross takes care of the sins of all of mankind. Faith in Christ (salvation) brings an unbeliever into the family of God and initiates the relationship with God, for him or her, as a believer. All infractions hereafter are family matters and are handled by God from within the family.
The next two verses deal with the failures of believers and how they might get themselves back into a face to face daily functional relationship (fellowship) with God.
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End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.