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Lost (Prodigal) Son - Luke 15:11-16

Lesson # Lost (Prodigal) Son - Luke 15:11-16
Study Material - Lost (Prodigal) Son - Luke 15:11-16

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Lost (Prodigal) Son
Luke 15:11-16

11 And [de] he said [epo] , A certain [tis] man [anthropos] had [echo] two [duo] sons [huios] :
12 And [kai] the younger [neos] of them [autos] said [epo] to his father [pater] , Father [pater] , give [didomi] me [moi] the portion [meros] of goods [ousia] that falleth [epiballo] to me. And [kai] he divided [diaireo] unto them [autos] his living [bios] .
13 And [kai] not [ou] many [polus] days [hemera] after [meta] the younger [neos] son [huios] gathered [sunago] all [hapas] together [sunago] , and took his journey [apodemeo] into [eis] a far [makros] country [chora] , and [kai] there [ekei] wasted [diaskorpizo] his [autos] substance [ousia] with riotous [asotos] living [zao] .
14 And [de] when he [autos] had spent [dapanao] all [pas] , there arose [ginomai] a mighty [ischuros] famine [limos] in [kata] that [ekeinos] land [chora] ; and [kai] he [autos] began [archomai] to be in want [hustereo] .
15 And [kai] he went [poreuomai] and joined himself [kollao] to [heis] a citizen [polites] of that [ekeinos] country [chora] ; and [kai] he sent [pempo] him [autos] into [eis] his [autos] fields [agros] to feed [bosko] swine [choiros] .
16 And [kai] he would fain [epithumeo] have filled [gemizo] his [autos] belly [koilia] with [apo] the husks [keration] that [hos] the swine [choiros] did eat [esthio] : and [kai] no man [oudeis] gave [didomi] unto him [autos] . KJV-Interlinear

11 And He said, 'A certain man had two sons; 12 and the younger of them said to his father,' Father, give me the share of the estate that falls to me.' And he divided his wealth between them. 13 'And not many days later, the younger son gathered everything together and went on a journey into a distant country, and there he squandered his estate with loose living. 14 'Now when he had spent everything, a severe famine occurred in that country, and he began to be in need. 15 'And he went and attached himself to one of the citizens of that country, and he sent him into his fields to feed swine. 16 'And he was longing to fill his stomach with the pods that the swine were eating, and no one was giving anything to Him. NASB

Now we come the parable of the prodigal son. This is the younger son of two, who is impatient, restless, somewhat rebellious and ultimately makes bad decisions, decisions which lead Him in the direction of satisfying his hunger for the trills and sensual aspects of life. In pursuit of 'fun' he will find himself in a world of trouble and at the bottom of the human ladder.

Isa. 55:2
2 'Why do you spend money for what is not bread, And your wages for what does not satisfy? Listen carefully to Me, and eat what is good, And delight yourself in abundance. NASB

This is a parable about two sons who have two very different personalities. Personality is not relevant in getting into the Kingdom of God.

The older son is more straight laced, responsible and hard working. He gets up in the morning and works and looks after that which belongs not only to himself, but to the family. He is not demanding other than what we will see at the end of this parable. In which case he will prove to be somewhat self righteous. He will feel that he has worked and therefore earned the right of his place. This is contrasted to the younger son who proves to be totally irresponsible and, in the older sons eyes, totally undeserving.

The Pharisees to whom Jesus is giving these parables, look at themselves in this fashion. They feel they are the deserving ones, and the 'sinners' whom they look down upon, and of whom started this whole series of parables, are the undeserving scum of the world.

Thankfully, Gods policy of grace is not defined nor run by humanity. If it were, then you and I probably would not make it into heaven as the prejudice and favoritism of mankind would figure or define some rule which would eliminate us from heaven.

The younger son is the trouble maker. He is restless, demanding 'give me,' rebellious against the authority of his father (who here represents God). He wants to get away and be out on his own, with his own money, in order to have a good time, and he is most of all, caught up in his own selfish desires.

The younger son demands his portion from the father. The father graciously divides up the estate, a division which normally would not be divided until the father is incapacitated or just ready to do it (the dividing up) himself, and on his own time table.

The younger has his tantrum and demands what is coming to Him. Just by existing he feels he is owed a portion from the fathers estate. Note that the son did not build up the estate, nor did he work it. He takes with Him that which he could sell off. One cannot carry real estate. So whatever he received as his portion he converted it into cash and then hit the road and left for far off lands - a departure from Gods Word (from the influence of the father). The younger son had no concern for the value of the lands, or herds, or flocks (the source of his portion - Bible doctrine and the fathers provision) other than what they could be used for in gaining his own freedom and pleasure.

The younger son moves off and lives the high life. He spends with no concern for tomorrow, and finds himself broke soon enough. He has no skill because he did not educate himself when he could, nor learn a trade while under the protection of the family. He is destitute and unskilled. His is only able to gain employment slopping the hogs. And to the Jewish person of the time, that is the lowest of the low in terms of employment. It is beneath minimum wage labor.

The younger son represents mankind who rebels against God. Takes what he can and runs off and away from Gods counsel. Mankind spends himself into degeneracy and oblivion, pursuing his own defined path to happiness and fulfillment, without any training (Bible study), lacking any form of wisdom (spiritual growth), and ends up at the bottom of the ladder of creation.

The individual is arrogant to the point that he disregards everything and everyone and plots his own course through life. The end result is disastrous - always. Sin and the disregard of Gods wisdom will always (without exception) lead one to a state of misery and disaster, and the deepest conceivable degradation - being so down, that even the slop of pigs becomes desirable.

The famine is picture of exactly what the individual can expect, and the reality of where they will end up, when they drift or run away, from Bible doctrine.

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End Of Lesson

Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.

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