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Matthew 12:1

Lesson # Matt. 12:1
Study Material - Matt. 12:1

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Matt. 12:1

1 At [en] that [ekeinos] time [kairos] Jesus [Iesous] went [poreuomai] on the sabbath day [sabbaton] through [dia] the corn [sporimos] ; and [de] his [autos] disciples [mathetes] were an hungred [peinao] , and [kai] began [archomai] to pluck [tillo] the ears of corn [stachus] , and [kai] to eat [esthio] . KJV-Interlinear

Matt. 12:1

1 At that time Jesus went on the Sabbath through the grainfields, and His disciples became hungry and began to pick the heads of grain and eat. NAS

The Sabbath was the cornerstone of the Jewish legalistic system of religion. In contrast, Jesus Christ is the corner stone of the true faith in God. That faith we call today, Christianity. We might too note that the Sabbath was the only commandment that was non-moral and purely ceremonial. An observance of the rest which God invented when He rested on the seventh day, and which we strive for as an objective of our spiritual growth - spiritual maturity.

Unbelief on the other hand in a society has negative results. Unbelief turns to rejection and that rejection seeks out a replacement of the faith that is rejected. A replacement for man requires rules and regulations such that everyone knows what is allowable and what is not. As the regulations become more numerous, then interpretations are required. As more interpretations become available then hair splitting decisions as to what is and what is not an factor in any given regulation. pretty soon you have a huge bureaucracy of law that is cumbersome, frustrating, causing anxiety and burdens on society, and everyone is entrapped by the sheer magnitude of it all. As the penalties become burdensome so too they become excessive to the point of ludicrous. Even death could be forced for a simple violation.

Below is a summary of a few of the volumes of regulations and incidents that have been recorded by other publications just so you can get a general understanding of the pettiness of these rules. By the way all of these rules were added by man. They do not exist in the scriptures.

Some examples are as follows:

'Jewish tradition had even caused the Sabbath to be dangerous. The apocryphal book of 1 Maccabees (2:31-38) tells of an incident during the time of Judas Maccabaeus when a group of Jews refused to defend themselves on the Sabbath against the Greek army led by Antiochus Epiphanes. As the soldiers of Antiochus attacked, the Jews 'answered them not, neither cast they a stone at them, nor stopped the places where they lay hid; but said: 'Let us die in our innocency: heaven and earth shall testify for us, that ye put us to death wrongfully.' So they rose up against them in battle on the Sabbath, and they slew them with their wives and children and cattle, to the number of a thousand people.'

In his Antiquities, the Jewish historian Josephus reports that it was also because Jews would not defend themselves on the Sabbath that the Roman general Pompey was able to capture Jerusalem. As was the custom in ancient Roman warfare, Pompey began building a high mound from which his troops could bombard the city. Aware that the Jews defending Jerusalem would not oppose him then, the general did all construction work on the Sabbath. 'Had it not been for that practice, from the days of our forefathers, to rest on the seventh day,' Josephus wrote, 'this bank could never have been perfected, by reason of the opposition the Jews would have made; for though our Law gave us leave then to defend ourselves against those that begin to fight with us and assault us (this was a concession), yet it does not permit us to meddle with our enemies while they do anything else.'

One section alone of the Talmud, the major compilation of Jewish tradition, has twenty-four chapters listing Sabbath laws. One law specified that the basic limit for travel was 3,000 feet from one's house; but various exceptions were provided. If you had placed some food within 3,000 feet of your house, you could go there to eat it; and because the food was considered an extension of the house, you could then go another 3,000 feet beyond the food. If a rope were placed across an adjoining street or alley, the building on the other side, as well as the alley between, could be considered part of your house.

Certain objects could be lifted up and put down only from and to certain places. Other things could be lifted up from a public place and set down in a private one, and vice versa. Still others could be picked up in a wide place and put down in a legally free place, but rabbis could not agree about the meanings of wide and free!

Under Sabbath regulations, a Jew could not carry a load heavier than a dried fig; but if an object weighed half that amount he could carry it twice. Eating restrictions were among the most detailed and extensive. You could eat nothing larger than an olive; and even if you tasted half an olive, found it to be rotten and spit it out, that half was considered to have been eaten as far as the allowance was concerned.

Rabbinic tradition ridiculously interpreted the rubbing of grain together in the hands (which the disciples were doing; see Luke 6:1) as a form of threshing; and they regarded blowing away the chaff as a form of winnowing. The Talmud said, 'If a person roils wheat to remove the husks, it is sifting. If he rubs the heads of wheat, it is threshing. If he cleans off the side adherences, it is sifting. If he bruises the ears, it is grinding. And if he throws it up in his hand, it is winnowing.'

That is the end of the quotes of other publications.

Clearly Jesus and His followers were in violation of the regulations that had evolved in the Jewish religion. But they were not in violation of the scriptures. The Jewish laws had become so ridiculous and separated away from the original intent of Gods scriptures, that they did not even look anything like the original scriptures. Most folks probably did not have a clue as to what the original scriptures entailed, unless of course they did some studying on their own. Then any person with discernment would see the clear difference between the scriptures and the burdens imposed by the Jewish regulations.

So here is the stage being set between the legalistic Pharisees and the world system they had invented, and Christ, who by the way invented the Sabbath.

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End Of Lesson

Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.

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