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Lesson # Matt. 12:2-4
Study Material - Matt. 12:2-4
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2 But [de] when the Pharisees [Pharisaios] saw [eido] it, they said [epo] unto him [autos] , Behold [idou] , thy [sou] disciples [mathetes] do [poieo] that which [hos] is [exesti] not [ou] lawful [exesti] to do [poieo] upon [en] the sabbath day [sabbaton] .
3 But [de] he said [epo] unto them [autos] , Have ye [anaginosko] not [ou] read [anaginosko] what [tis] David [Dabid] did [poieo] , when [hote] he [autos] was an hungred [peinao] , and [kai] they [meta] that were with him [autos] ;
4 How [pos] he entered into [eiserchomai] [eis] the house [oikos] of God [theos] , and [kai] did eat [phago] the shewbread [artos] [prothesis] , which [hos] was [en] not [ou] lawful [exesti] for him [autos] to eat [phago] , neither for [oude] them which [meta] were with him [autos] , but [ei me] only [monos] for the priests [hiereus] ? KJV-Interlinear
2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said to Him, 'Behold, Your disciples do what is not lawful to do on a Sabbath.' 3 But He said to them, 'Have you not read what David did, when he became hungry, he and his companions; 4 how he entered the house of God, and they ate the consecrated bread, which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those with him, but for the priests alone? NAS
The Pharisees were all tied up in their regulations. Regulations that had no basis in the scriptures, but purported to come from and looked to the scriptures in such a way as to imply that these regulations had Gods approval, which they did not. Only the priests over several centuries had come to be used to the regulations and rules and over such a long time and over several generations, the people simply took them as gospel without questioning them at all. That lead to the oppressive nature of the religious rules.
How could this happen? Easily. People who do not embrace the scriptures will look to something else to embrace. Evil people who lust for leadership, authority, and power will invent rules so as to bring the masses of society under their control. It is much easier to control populations if they think that the rules are from not the leadership but from God.
During this past year, if you followed the news at all, you saw just how rigid the religion of Islam is. Under it, women are nothing more than dogs. They have virtually no rights. In Afghanistan they even suffered beatings and execution for minor infractions. The rules and regulations of Islam are just as bad and numerous as that of Judaism. So even today, peoples are chained by the rigid rules of a religion that is simply a lie and burdens them in life.
David was revered in Judaism. After all it is his dynasty which would come back and rule forever. But note that the Pharisees were a selfish lot. They, knowing history, did not bend over to help out Joseph and Mary. Joseph and Mary were poor. Where was the support for this royal family line? No where. Where were all the resources funneled to? The priesthood and their little 'club.'
Why were these Pharisees out in the fields with Jesus and his followers? Did they not know that travel was prohibited on the Sabbath? This of course only demonstrates their hypocrisy. Rules were good for the masses but they had exceptions for themselves.
David was on the run. He and those with him were hungry and tired. They came to the Tabrenacle and requested food. There was none. Ahimelech gave them the twelve loaves of bread that were made weekly and set aside for the priests only. No one else was to eat of them. So did God not strike all down with lightening because they ate some bread? Of course not. That would have been a ridiculous action for such a petty offense. Besides, the bread was there for teaching purposes only. The entire tabernacle complex was there for teaching purposes. The point of life is for people to learn Bible doctrine and to learn of Gods provision, love, care, protection and so forth. The objective of the tabernacle, the objective of the commandments, the purpose of the Maosiac law in its entirety, the purpose of the scriptures, were, to teach salvation and doctrine, such that people could be saved and grow up spiritually. Their purpose was not to regulate ones daily do's and don'ts of life.
The Pharisees had their ideas all messed up. 'Do they not know of the story of David?' Jesus insulted their intelligence in that they, as experts in the 'Law', did not even understand it.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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