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Revelation 2:13





13 I know [eido] thy [sou] works, [ergon] and [kai] where [pou] thou dwellest, [katoikeo] even where [hopou] Satan's [Satanas] seat [thronos] is: and [kai] thou holdest fast [krateo] my [mou] name, [onoma] and [kai] hast [arneomai] not [ou] denied [arneomai] my [mou] faith, [pistis] even [kai] in [en] those days [hemera] wherein [en] [hos] Antipas [Antipas] was my [mou] faithful [pistos] martyr, [martus] who [hos] was slain [apokteino] among [para] you, [humin] where [hopou] Satan [Satanas] dwelleth. [katoikeo]    KJV-Interlinear



13 'I know where you dwell, where Satan's throne is; and you hold fast My name, and did not deny My faith, even in the days of Antipas, My witness, My faithful one, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells.    NASB



Even though Christ starts out reminding them that He alone holds the sword of truth and justice, there is room for commendation to those who have upheld their faith, even in the face of living within an area that was almost totally run over with evil.


Pergamum was the center of worship for four of the principle deities of the region. Temples dedicated to Athena, Asklepios, Dionysos, and Zeus were located there.  But Pergamum, more then that, was devoted to the cult of emperor worship. The first temple devoted to emperor worship was built there in 29 B.C., in honor of Emperor Augustus. Later, the city built two more temples, honoring the emperors Trajan and Septimus Severus. The city was the center of emperor worship in the province, and there, more than in any other city, Christians were in danger of harm from the emperor worship cult.


And it was for this reason that it is called the seat of Satan’s power, his throne, as it were.  Evil was rampant there.


The reference to Antipas occurs only in this passage, but implied is his martyrdom because he did not compromise his Christian principles and was put to death because of that.


The word, ‘martus,’ means martyr.


The rest of the letter to Pergamum deals with their compromise of Christian principles in favor of worldliness, and therefore within that context we can easily conclude that Antipas did not compromise.  For that he paid the ultimate price.


Others likewise held on to their principles, did not bow down to the emperor, and were most likely executed or at the very least were persecuted.



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Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.

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