8 And [kai] the four [tessares] beasts [zoon] had [echo] each [ana][heis] of them [kata][heautou] six [hex] wings [pterux] about [kuklothen] him; and [kai] they were full [gemo] of eyes [ophthalmos] within: [esothen] and [kai] they rest [anapausis] not [ou][echo] day [hemera] and [kai] night, [nux] saying, [lego] Holy, [hagios] holy, [hagios] holy, [hagios] Lord [kurios] God [theos] Almighty, [pantokrator] which [ho] was [en], [ho on kai ho en kai ho erchomenos] and [kai] is [on], [ho on kai ho en kai ho erchomenos] and [kai] is to come [erchomai]. [ho on kai ho en kai ho erchomenos]KJV-Interlinear
8 And the four living creatures,
each one of them having six wings, are full of eyes around and within; and day
and night they do not cease to say, "Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God,
the Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come." NASB
One of the biggest errors in commentaries with
regard to this verse, is that angels are presumed as
being a part of the context, when they are never referred to at all.
Thus far we have had a description of entities with
dramatic symbolism forcing us to look to the meanings of the symbols, and not to
the entities as people or angels or animals or any type of creature.
And so it is with the wings.The mention of six wings has a tendency of directing
ones attention to the six winged angels mentioned in Isaiah 6.And those six wings represented the highest
of honors, and positions. They covered the eyes, the feet, and flight, in pairs
of wings.These represent reverence,
humility, and obedience in ones compliance with Gods
will. They also represent responsibility and privilege.
However, wings throughout the Old Testament have
had other meanings.They are a part of
birds, and ancient sculptures such as bulls, lions, and animals of various
sorts.These wing images usually
symbolize phenomenal speed, and endless strength or power, or healing. The wings of a dove symbolize love.
Several references to wings are found in Zech 5:9, Job
39:26, Psa. 17:8, 18:10, 55:6, 68:13, 139:9, Prov. 23:5, Isa. 40:31, Mal. 4:2,
The number six, is also
the number assigned to man.Man was
created on the sixth day.
The image of the throne and
entities have thus far been symbolizing the power and plan of God, which
power, is overwhelming.But when you
combine the wings of reverence, humility and obedience, then you have a picture
of Gods undivided grace and love.
And the reason that we come to this conclusion is
that in the next phrase, full of eyes, which is an expression for endless eyes
or infinite eyes, which never cease in their observations (all knowing), and in
the next phrase, holy, holy, holy, mentioned three times, to emphasize Gods
perfect essence, then we round out the entire picture of Gods total essence as
an individual and as a trinity.
Holiness is the combination of righteousness and
justice.Righteousness is Gods perfect
sinless character, and justice is Gods perfect due process, or cleansing
process, for dealing with sin and evil in all of its forms, washing it away
The four entities ceaselessly repeat the words, holy,
holy, holy, thus tying them eternally to God, and especially to the one who
occupies the throne, Jesus Christ.
To the God almighty, means the highest authority
and person in all of the universe. Almighty, ‘pantokrator,’ here
means ruler.And therefore being God, He
is the ultimate and highest ruler and authority and sovereign over all that
Who is, who was, and who is to come, is a reference
to Gods eternal existence.Jesus Christ
is in view here.There was never a time
in which He did not exist, and there will never be a time that He will not
exist.Christ is eternal and infinite,
and above Him, there is nothing else nor ever will be.
And thus, when God declares war on evil, He is
justified in His cause and purpose and plan.And, He possesses the resources and abilities to defeat evil,
permanently and forever.