You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source, of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
1 What [tis] advantage [perissos] then [oun] hath the Jew [Ioudaios]? or [e] what [tis] profit [opheleia] is there
of circumcision [peritome]? KJV-Interlinear
1 Then what
advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of circumcision? ESV
In previous verses, being a Jew was called into question, as to its advantages, when and if any gentile can keep the Law or the spirit of the Law, even if they do not know of its existence. They do right as a result of their own common sense and conscience.
But the point is not whether or not a person can differentiate between right and wrong, even without written guidelines. The point here is that God provided those guidelines and He provided them in writing so as to establish them from Him who is the ultimate authority and sovereign of all of creation, and, the Jewish peoples, whether they were a righteous lot or not, actually kept those written words, faithfully, and not for just a few years, but over many centuries and across the span of many generations.
For by the written word, many have come to know that their common sense is correct, but also, common sense can be turned awry, and therefore a standard that is absolute and unchangeable, must be in place in order to keep man on a straight path. A path that is not subject to compromise or manipulation or popular thought.
Furthermore, being a Jew, establishes the faithfulness of Gods promises to Jews. Promises that span the entirety of human history, all the way to the Second Advent. And therefore the faithfulness of Gods promises to all.
But in every case, knowing right from wrong, whether you gain that knowledge from the Law or from common sense, it is faith that determines salvation, not ones personal conduct or the commendability of ones conduct.
There is no advantage to keeping a Law when the Law is unkeepable, over doing that which is right and comes naturally. Neither obtain salvation. Therefore neither possess any advantage for life.
Salvation is the priority, not ones personal conduct.
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End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.