17 (As [kathos] it is written [grapho], [hoti] I have made [tithemi] thee [se] a father [pater] of many [polus] nations [ethnos],) before [katenanti] him
whom [hos] he believed [pisteuo], even God [theos], who
quickeneth [zoopoieo] the dead [nekros], and [kai] calleth [kaleo] those things which be [on]
not [me] as though [hos] they were [on]. KJV-Interlinear
17 as it is
written, “I have made you the father of many nations”—in the presence of the
God in whom he believed, who gives life to the dead and calls into existence
the things that do not exist. ESV
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The word for have made, ‘tithemi,’ means to give to, to grant. to set, to constitute. And, here it is used in the past tense. But more significantly, the words for called, ‘kaleo,’ those things which be not, ‘on me’ as though they were, ‘hos on.’ And these refer to Gods power to bring things into existence, out of nothing.
And this is a reference to the creation of the angels, who were not and then were, and the universe, which was not and then was, and then Adam, who was not and then was life. And Gods power continues in the ongoing creation of human life which is imputed to each and every individual who is born alive into this world.
You, for example, did not exist prior to your birth, and God created your human life and imputed it into your soul.
There was a time when you did not exist, and of course you know nothing from that time, because you did not exist. It was by Gods grace that you were created and now exist as a living human being.
But before you existed, God had plans for you and your life.
Long ago, in eternity past, God laid out the divine decrees and there are pages within that content, that lay out your life, as well as everything that has ever or will ever exist.
So, God made Abraham a father of many nation, by means of the pattern of his faith, which others will follow in suit when they believe in Christ. And, this will occur with many peoples from all walks of life, from all cultures, from all races, from all backgrounds and so forth.
And God had that plan long before time existed, since eternity past.
God made this comment to Abraham, long before he had a child. Long before he was obedient in circumcision, long before he himself believed.
But God knew he would believe, therefore He is able to say with hindsight certainty, that the things of future, will occur.
God is able to do anything.
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End Of Lesson
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