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Lesson # Dan. 1:1-7
Study Material - Dan. 1:1-7
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1 In the third [shalowsh] year [shaneh),] of the reign [malkuwth] of Jehoiakim [Yahowyaqiym] king [melek] of Judah [Yahuwdah] came [bow'] Nebuchadnezzar [Nabuwkadne'tstsar] king [melek] of Babylon [Babel] unto Jerusalem [Yaruwshalaim] , and besieged [tsuwr] it.
2 And the Lord [Adonay] gave [nathan] Jehoiakim [Yahowyaqiym] king [melek] of Judah [Yahuwdah] into his hand [yad] , with part [qatsath] of the vessels [kaliy] of the house [bayith] of God [elohiym] : which he carried [bow'] into the land [erets] of Shinar [Shin`ar] to the house [bayith] of his god [elohiym] ; and he brought [bow'] the vessels [kaliy] into the treasure [owtsar] house [bayith] of his god [elohiym] .
3 And the king [melek] spake [amar] unto Ashpenaz [Ashpanaz] the master [rab] of his eunuchs [cariyc] , that he should bring [bow'] certain of the children [ben] of Israel [Yisra'el] , and of the king's [maluwkah] seed [zera] , and of the princes [partam] ;
4 Children [yeled] in whom was no blemish [m'uwm] [m'uwm] , but well [towb] favoured [mar'eh] , and skilful [sakal] in all wisdom [chokmah] , and cunning [yada] in knowledge [da`ath] , and understanding [biyn] science [madda] , and such as had ability [koach] in them to stand [amad] in the king's [melek] palace [heykal] , and whom they might teach [lamad] the learning [cepher] and the tongue [lashown] of the Chaldeans [Kasdiy] .
5 And the king [melek] appointed [manah] them a daily [yowm] [yowm] provision [dabar] of the king's [melek] meat [pathbag] , and of the wine [yayin] which he drank [mishteh] : so nourishing [gadal] them three [shalowsh] years [shaneh] , that at the end [qatsath] thereof they might stand [amad] before [paniym] the king [melek] .
6 Now among these were of the children [ben] of Judah [Yahuwdah] , Daniel [Daniye'l] , Hananiah [Chananyah] , Mishael [Miysha'el] , and Azariah [Azaryah] :
7 Unto whom the prince [sar] of the eunuchs [cariyc] gave [suwm] names [shem] : for he gave [suwm] unto Daniel [Daniye'l] the name of Belteshazzar [Beltasha'tstsar] ; and to Hananiah [Chananyah] , of Shadrach [Shadrak] ; and to Mishael [Miysha'el] , of Meshach [Meyshak] ; and to Azariah [Azaryah] , of Abednego [Abed Nagow] .
1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. 2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the vessels of the house of God; and he brought them to the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, and he brought the vessels into the treasury of his god. 3 Then the king ordered Ashpenaz, the chief of his officials, to bring in some of the sons of Israel, including some of the royal family and of the nobles, 4 youths in whom was no defect, who were good-looking, showing intelligence in every branch of wisdom, endowed with understanding, and discerning knowledge, and who had ability for serving in the king's court; and he ordered him to teach them the literature and language of the Chaldeans. 5 And the king appointed for them a daily ration from the king's choice food and from the wine which he drank, and appointed that they should be educated three years, at the end of which they were to enter the king's personal service. 6 Now among them from the sons of Judah were Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael and Azariah. 7 Then the commander of the officials assigned new names to them; and to Daniel he assigned the name Belteshazzar, to Hananiah Shadrach, to Mishael Meshach, and to Azariah Abed-nego.
In Isa. 39:6-7, Hezekiah was rebuked for his arrogance in showing all of his treasures to foreigners, thus the punishment for this kind of continued arrogance and negative attitude toward God was going to eventually end up in the overthrow of the nation. This is possibly one of the worst types of punishments a people can have thrust upon them. Being at the total mercy of a foreign power in a military conquest.
This principle also applies to individuals. Often times we might have prosperity, or even perceive ourselves as prosperous, and with the strong drive of an ego, we want to 'show off' our prosperity to others. This is a subtle form of arrogance wherein we wish to make ourselves appear better or higher up than others. After all they can look up to our prosperity and be in 'awe' of us! Or that is what we really want deep down inside.
While on the surface we might only be trying to help out others who are less fortunate than we. God has a way of dealing with arrogance of this nature. He takes away from you all that you have.
This ends up being an embarrassing time for you and certainly an ego burner. If man does not humble himself and give 'inner' (inside your soul) credit to God, then God will humble you in a more dramatic way. This happened to the nation of Judah. Their arrogance ran rampant for so many generations that God finally gave the nation over to an invader.
People not only lost their homes and property, but they lost their pride the hard way. Many lost their lives.
Now Nebuchadnezzar swarmed into the nation and took his pleasure from all there was. Treasures were taken as well as servants. The Israelites were totally helpless.
This occurred in the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim, the king of Judah. The Northern kingdom of Israel, has already fallen and long since been destroyed by invasion. Now the southern kingdom of Judah has fallen.
The people, the government did not listen to the warnings of Jeremiah or Ezekiel, or Isaiah, but continued their negative attitude toward God and consequently continued their downslide toward destruction.
Daniel lived during this time and would live through the seventy years of captivity previously foretold, and through the reigns of Nebuchadnezzar and his two sons following him. Daniel will see the fall of his own nation as well as the rise and fall of those (Babylon) who enslaved his nation.
Not all of the treasures of Judah were taken, only some of them. God gives us a lot of latitude and loose rope in which we can operate our lives. He applies pressure at appropriate times to get us back on track. And even in terrible pressures such as is mentioned in this chapter, there is still light at the end of the tunnel.
If the people had turned back to God, then the rest of the treasures would not have been taken later, but they did not repent, or change their attitudes toward God, even in the face of invasion, so even more of their wealth would be removed at a later date.
Daniel and his three friends were taken from Judah, the promised land, the land of the one true God, to Shinar, the land of the false gods of Babylon.
Instructions were given to treat them with care. Teach them in the language of the Babylonians. Feed them well. And select those who were perfect in body, unblemished, and mind, a high IQ, for the service of the king.
In contrast God takes anyone who is willing to be positive toward Him, and God finds a way to teach those who know nothing, feed those who have nothing, and bring them to a high office of His choosing.
The world, in its superficiality, wants the best looking and smartest to run things in accordance with the wisdom of the world, whether that wisdom is sound or not.
The names of these four men were changed as well to get rid of the Hebrew meanings and thus attempt to get rid of the Hebrew God. Replacing them with Babylonian names and meanings for Babylonian gods.
Daniel means - God is my Judge. Hananiah means - The grace of the Lord. Mishael means - He that is the strong God. Azariah means - The Lord is a help.
This is to make then forget the former teachings. Then they were given new names of Chaldean idolatry.
Belteshazzar signifies the keeper of the hidden treasures of Bel. Shadrach - The inspiration of the sun, which the Chaldeans worshipped. Meshach - Of the goddess Shach, under which name Venus was worshipped. Abed-nego - the servant of the shining fire, which they worshipped as well.
One can paint over the truth, but one cannot eliminate the truth. Gods plan is not affected by the plans of man. God cannot be erased simply by negative attitude or by simply the refusal to acknowledge Him.
The outward appearance of man, the names by which we are called do not make or break us. The content of our soul makes the real person. The world attempts to make superficial changes and then tries to impose them on reality, decreeing that these changes are now reality. But the truth is controlled by God, and mans efforts fall far short of running things in this world much less the universe.
The Hebrew names reflected the true identities of these mens souls.
The Babylonian names reflect the whitewash of false concepts and attempts to cover the truth. Even under extreme pressure, these men would fall back on the only thing they had, Bible doctrine in their souls. Where governments failed, where swords failed, where society in general failed, Bible doctrine will always succeed.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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