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Lesson # Dan. 8:9-14
Study Material - Dan. 8:9-14
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9 And out of one of them came forth a rather small horn which grew exceedingly great toward the south, toward the east, and toward the Beautiful Land. 10 And it grew up to the host of heaven and caused some of the host and some of the stars to fall to the earth, and it trampled them down. 11 It even magnified itself to be equal with the Commander of the host; and it removed the regular sacrifice from Him, and the place of His sanctuary was thrown down. 12 And on account of transgression the host will be given over to the horn along with the regular sacrifice; and it will fling truth to the ground and perform its will and prosper. 13 Then I heard a holy one speaking, and another holy one said to that particular one who was speaking, 'How long will the vision about the regular sacrifice apply, while the transgression causes horror, so as to allow both the holy place and the host to be trampled?' 14 And he said to me, 'For 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the holy place will be properly restored.'
After the death of Seleucus in the mid 100's BC, Antiochus called Epiphanes (which means 'the Illustrious', but he was also called Epimanes 'the furious' because he had quite a temper and really cared for no one) took the kingdom, the dynasty of Syria. He, Antiochus, was also the worst of the Antiochus line. He was a mad man. By the way, the Seleucid dynasty dated from around 280 BC until 63 BC when Pompey made Syria a Roman province.
Antiochus advanced south and east into Persia and into Palestine. He is the little horn mentioned in this passage. He is not the anti-christ of the Tribulation, but he will represent a parallel of that future madman.
Jason, the brother of Onias (the current High Priest), plotted underhandedly to be high priest, by negotiating with the king. This contributed to a lot of unrest in the region and eventually Antiochus set up an alter to Zeus in the Jewish Temple. The daily sacrifices were terminated and the Maccabeen revolt erupted.
The sacrifices were terminated, according to Josephus, in the 142nd year of the kingdom of the Seleucidae, the sixth month of that year, and the 6th day of the month. The cleansing of the sanctuary, and the reestablishment of the sacrifices was in the 148th year, the 9th month, and the 25th day of the month. This is 2300 days just as Daniel wrote in our passage.
He was an extremely arrogant and mad man. He equated himself with God and led violence against the Jewish peoples, especially the priests in the temple. No one could stand before him as God in heaven allowed him to advance in his destructiveness against Palestine. The Jewish peoples had been apostate for many centuries and they were even more negative against God in this period of Biblical silence between the Testaments. As goes ones spiritual growth, or lack of it, so goes ones discipline or punishment or judgment. Whatever you want to call it. The Jewish peoples have undergone many atrocities in history, beginning with their exile to Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar, and really even earlier as the Northern Kingdom, often called Samaria was destroyed before the nation of Judah fell. Their misery is directly related to their negative attitude toward God and their lack of spiritual growth. But then this is true about all peoples in history, not just the Jewish peoples.
With the close of the Old Testament, there was about 400 silent years. The people were negative therefore God was silent. They already had the prophecies of Daniel who specified the details of history in these last few centuries before Christ, in his final chapters of his book, as well as the prophecy of the year birth of the Savior in the next chapter (the seventy weeks prophecy). But the people were negative and even missed the birth of Christ, because they did not pay attention to Gods Word, save a very few people, and they were eventually totally disbursed throughout the world when Jerusalem fell in 70 AD.
This passage tells us that even when a ruler is so corrupt, there is a definite term to his existence. These 2300 days is an unusual number. It is not 3 1/2 years, nor even a number that matches an even number of months. Under the Jewish calendar of 360 days per year, this is 6 years, 4 months and 20 days (6 years 140 days). Under the gentile calendar of 365 days per year, it is 6 years, 3 months, and 20 days (6 years 110 days). It does not match any of the other time frames of the anti-christ or even the Tribulation, nor of the other time frames given by Daniel. Its purpose is to reassure the reader, that God is in control. The most evil of evil ones will eventually come to their end. Antiochus was on a campaign in Persia when he received word that things were not going so well back in Palestine. No man would kill him, but he grew depressed and just died. God has the cure for all evil in the world.
In a future time, the Tribulation, or even in our own time or any other time in history when people will find themselves in an oppressed situation, we can look to the Bible to find confidence that God is in charge regardless of what things might look like in the world. Your oppression could be just unemployment or a divorce gone very bad. You really do not need to be in a military oppression situation, but of course that is obviously included as a difficult type of time in ones life.
God is in control of history. In the Tribulation, a period in which this passage will parallel, since the anti-christ will himself be very evil and think of himself as godlike, and will also corrupt the temple in Jerusalem (which by the way does not exist in Jerusalem as of or current date). So those people will be able to know that the end of the anti-christ will come and, in their case, their misery and oppression will cease with the Second Coming of Christ.
Yesterday our own 'worthless' 9th court of Appeals said that our Pledge of Allegiance was unconstitutional. It is just a sign of our times, when liberal thinking and anti-god attitudes are more prevalent today than they were, say, 40 years ago. In the space of a single generation, prayer in schools and now our own Pledge of Allegiance have been successfully attacked. So what will things be like after another generation? Well we can wonder, but for what it is worth, we do not need to worry. God allows unbelievers to exercise their beliefs, or lack thereof, but Gods plan for history rolls right on. Generations will continue until God stops our dispensation with the Rapture, and then only unbelievers will populate the world in that instant. People will believe shortly thereafter, but the time clock will continue uninterrupted, as the winds of heaven drive history to its ultimate conclusion.
Out of all of this, confidence, for everything in ones life, should grow. God is in control, and as long as you stick with you spiritual advancement. then you will have nothing to worry about. God will always provide a means of deliverance for you, regardless of your situation.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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