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Lesson # Dan. 9:25-26
Study Material - Dan. 9:25-26
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25 'So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress. 26 'Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
One more note from yesterdays study. The word for weeks, is 'shabua', which as we said is a multiple of years given by the reference to weeks. There are remaining in Daniel's time seventy weeks of years remaining in that dispensation, 'remaining for your people and your city'. These are not all consecutive weeks, but of course sixty nine of them are. The last week was interrupted and will resume when our dispensation is terminated. The note I wanted to make is this, the word 'shabua' is in the feminine. The feminine is a passive voice meaning that we cannot change it. God has commanded it and history will continue as commanded. Satan cannot change it. Jesus Christ will come, the Cross will occur, the Tribulation will happen, and the Second Advent will take place thus ending the history of nations and Israel. There is no 'if' about it. This is a message given to Daniel who lived mid 500's BC.
There were four decrees issued concerning Israel. The first was Cyrus' decree (2 Chron 36:22-23; Ezra 1:1-4; 5:13). The second was the decree of Darius I (Ezra 6:1,6-12). The third was the decree of Artaxerxes (Ezra 7:11-26). The first two decrees pertain to the rebuilding of the temple and the third relates to finances of sacrifices at the temple. The fourth decree was also by Artaxerxes (Neh. 2:1-8). On that occasion Artaxerxes granted the Jews permission to rebuild Jerusalem's city walls. After this last decree there were no further decrees concerning the rebuilding of Jerusalem during the reign of Persian kings.
From the time of the fourth decree for the restoration of and the rebuilding of the city (not the temple) until the one to be anointed, a prince of the people, would be seven weeks of years and then sixty two weeks of years. The decree of Darius I in Ezra 6 was for the rebuilding of the temple. These two decrees were separated by 49 years. Then the birth of Christ was to be sixty two weeks of years later or 434 years. Nehemiah returned to Jerusalem about 437 BC to begin the rebuilding of the city walls. Most historians place Christ's birth about 3 or 2 BC. Again all of these historical dates are approximations from our perspective The people who lives back in those days would have referred to time in terms of the year of rule of a given king, ie. the first year of the rule of Cyrus, the twentieth year of the rule of Artaxerxes and so forth.
The reference to the city being built again with plaza and moat is a reference to the physical city of Jerusalem, not a spiritual city of peace.
Then there is a second reference of sixty two weeks of years following the restoration of the city (the city and temple will be destroyed mentioned later in the verse implies that they have been rebuilt), Christ will be cut off and have nothing. Christ went to the Cross with nothing but the clothing on His body and that was taken from Him and divided up by the centurions with the roll of the dice so to speak. So Christ's total humiliation in the presence of the public, is and will be again a representation of the humiliation of the nation of Israel in their eventual dispersion in 70 AD when the Romans completely sack Judah and Jerusalem and tear down the temple that the Jews so clung to, but which Christ had fulfilled in the scriptures. Those Jews refused to let go of their stone and mortar and seize the reality of the person of Christ. And so it is with all unbelievers. They cling to whatever belief or lack of belief they might have and reject the person of Jesus Christ.
So the end will come with war and desolations. The unbelievers of the world (of whom the Jewish unbelievers have become a representation) will live in misery, disbursed from their home and isolated from their intended destiny. The intensity of this environment will increase dramatically in the end or in the seventieth week of years.
Sixty nine weeks of years have been concluded and then interrupted nearly 1972 years ago at the feast of Pentecost, which occurred fifty days (that is what the 'pente' prefix means) following the Cross. The Cross occurred just prior to the beginning of the Passover Feast.
How do we know that these dates are herein referred to? Because the Magi sought the birth of the child at the correct time, and John the Baptist recognized the 'Lamb (sacrifice) of God'. The only things they had available to them were the scriptures of the time, the books of the Old Testament as we know them today.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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