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Lesson # Dan. 10:1
Study Material - Dan. 10:1
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1 In the third [shalowsh] year [shaneh] of Cyrus [Kowresh] king [melek] of Persia [Parac] a thing [dabar] was revealed [galah] unto Daniel [Daniye'l] , whose name [shem] was called [qara] Belteshazzar [Beltasha'tstsar] ; and the thing [dabar] was true [emeth] , but the time appointed [tsaba] was long [gadowl] : and he understood [biyn] the thing [dabar] , and had understanding [biynah] of the vision [mar'eh] . KJV-Interlinear 1 In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a message was revealed to Daniel, who was named Belteshazzar; and the message was true and one of great conflict, but he understood the message and had an understanding of the vision. NASB
Daniel continued until the first year of the rule of Cyrus as stated in the first chapter of the book of Daniel. See verse 21. Here he is said to have had a vision in the third year of Cyrus and the two references are easily reconciled.
The name or title 'Darius' is a common term and used by several of the kings of Persia. The first ruler over the conquered Babylon was Darius Cyaxares II. There will be several more rulers in Persia with that Darius prefix to their name, of the fourteen rulers in all. They are Darius Hystaspis, the fifth ruler, then Darius Nothus, the tenth ruler, then Darius Ochus, the twelfth ruler, and finally Darius Codomanus, the fourteenth and final ruler. All probably were referred to as Darius in their respective day, just as we refer to our President as Mr. President.
The second ruler over Persia was Cyrus. His first year of rule was the third year of rule for Persia since the fall of Babylon. Thus Daniel continued until the third year of the rule of Persia which happens to be the first year of Cyrus the second king. The first king, Darius Cyaxares II ruled for only two years.
A likely sequence of events is the vision of Daniel in the ninth and eleventh chapters, then the lions den episode (this extensive relationship would explain the heartache that the king felt for Daniel when he was tricked into sending him into the lions den), then this vision in chapter ten which would be Daniel's last year of service and the last of the visions.
Why aren't the visions and chapters all in chronological sequence? Because they are in topical sequence. If you have been in this study at least since the beginning of the book of Daniel (assuming that you have gone back to read the first chapters prior to our resumption), then you should by now have seen the subjects covered.
The first concerning the gentiles, another vision concerning the details of a couple of those gentile empires, and the last vision (chapter 11) concerning even more details of gentile rule and the fragmentation which it will endure.
The second category of vision is of the peoples of Israel (the earthly nation) and their city. We often refer to this nation as the Jews. Both Jews and gentiles fail miserably in history.
There is a third category of peoples whom we refer to as the true Israel, or peoples of God - believers in Jesus Christ. This is a spiritual nation formed by faith in Christ, not a genetic nation perpetuated by blood lines and human procreation.
Now we see yet another category of conflict outside the human realm. This is the angelic realm. We look all around us and see our every day to day normal human things - the sky, the earth, trees, buildings, traffic, everything that touches our five senses, but there is a greater and more involved conflict going on right under our noses so to speak. We can't see these encounters, but they exist all the same.
Angels go to great efforts to obey Gods commands and to some extent our wishes (in accordance with Gods commands). This is the tenth chapter of Daniel.
This information came to Daniel in his last year of service. This is the last revelation to Daniel. These combined visions, or revelations if you will, give us a complete picture, or a very good picture of all aspects of history, both from the gentile perspective, from the Jewish perspective, from those who are the true peoples of God (positive believers in Christ), and from the perspective of the angelic conflict.
Daniel heard the message, heard the explanation, knew that the message was true, understood the message.
The message was one of great conflict. Not of conflict on earth between humans, but of the greater conflict which we do not see, but is very real just the same - the angelic conflict.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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