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Lesson # Dan. 11:20-27
Study Material - Dan. 11:20-27
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20 'Then in his place one will arise who will send an oppressor through the Jewel of his kingdom; yet within a few days he will be shattered, though neither in anger nor in battle. 21 'And in his place a despicable person will arise, on whom the honor of kingship has not been conferred, but he will come in a time of tranquility and seize the kingdom by intrigue. 22 'And the overflowing forces will be flooded away before him and shattered, and also the prince of the covenant. 23 'And after an alliance is made with him he will practice deception, and he will go up and gain power with a small force of people. 24 'In a time of tranquility he will enter the richest parts of the realm, and he will accomplish what his fathers never did, nor his ancestors; he will distribute plunder, booty, and possessions among them, and he will devise his schemes against strongholds, but only for a time. 25 'And he will stir up his strength and courage against the king of the South with a large army; so the king of the South will mobilize an extremely large and mighty army for war; but he will not stand, for schemes will be devised against him. 26 'And those who eat his choice food will destroy him, and his army will overflow, but many will fall down slain. 27 'As for both kings, their hearts will be intent on evil, and they will speak lies to each other at the same table; but it will not succeed, for the end is still to come at the appointed time.
Part of the defeat of Antiochus III's agreement with Rome, was that he pay a huge debt to the Romans and his third son, Antiochus IV (Epiphanes) was to be held as a hostage until the debt was paid. We already saw that Antiochus III was killed in a temple raid where he sought funds to pay, in part, the debt he agreed to with Rome.
Verse 20. After the death of Antiochus III (the dad), the brother Seleucus IV (Philopator), took power and ruled following the death of Antiochus III. His rule was not short (twelve years) but it was insignificant. The debts placed on Syria were too great to do anything but pay them. He never entered into a battle, but raised extensive taxes to pay the debts, and was eventually killed (poisoned unexpectedly) by Heliodorus. During his life, Seleucus IV Philopator, exchanged Demetrius, his own son, for the freedom of Antiochus IV (Epiphanes).
Heliodorus was removed immediately by Antiochus IV (Epiphanes), paid off the remainder of the war debt to Rome, and consolidated his right to the throne in Syria. Antiochus was to be the most vile of the rulers in the Seleucid dynasty. Demetrius, the presumed ruler heir of Syria, was still a hostage in Rome, but the actions of Antiochus in payment of the debts and his 'charm' got him the throne, though he otherwise would not have received it. He received the throne without formal recognition, verse 21.
He originally came in to Syria, upon the death of Seleucus IV, pretending to be ruler on behalf of Demetrius. It was all a deception. Heliodorus rose against him (the overflowing forces) and were defeated. The prince of the covenant, Demetrius, the rightful heir, was defeated in his attempt to regain the throne, verse 22.
Antiochus made small alliances within his country and thereby anchored his claim to the throne, verses 23 and 24. Antiochus did unheard of things. He took from one portion of the kingdom and gave booty to certain people of influence in order to gain their support. The Ptolemy's demanded their rights to Palestine and certain portions of Syria. These were denied and thus friction grew against Egypt. Antiochus rallied support for himself and against Egypt by he various gifts of booty, and by his deception of politics.
In Egypt, Ptolemy VI, son of Ptolemy V and Cleopatra I, ruled in part with his mother. Oddly enough, this made Ptolemy the nephew of Antiochus. When she (the mother) died, he attempted to take back Coele Syria which was long ago promised to Egypt as a dowry in the marriage between Cleopatra I and Ptolemy V. Ptolemy VI married his sister, Cleopatra II and then proceeded to invade Syria Ptolemy was not very bright and was easily influenced by his advisors.
Antiochus had plans for the taking of Palestine, but retaliated against Egypt, because of their invasion, and quickly destroyed Egypt. Rome warned of the aggression, and Antiochus withdrew, but ruled Egypt from a distance, so to speak.
Ptolemy VI was weak as I mentioned. He had few friends, if any, and a lot of plotting enemies. Even those who would be his advisors and friends and ate at his own table, plotted against him. Thus he fell in defeat to Antiochus in short order.
The ebb and flow of powers continued, but this is not the end times. As verse 27 states, this was merely history in the interim. The appointed time of the end was still future. Antiochus, though he was evil and deceitful, and in total opposition against the temple of Jerusalem, was not the anti-christ.
Antiochus replaced Onais, the High Priest, with Jason, who paid more for the position, and who was also replaced by Menelaus for an even higher price. The time spent in Greece gave Antiochus his preference toward the gods of Greece, and as such, Jason, the appointed high priest, promoted Greek deities in Jerusalem. Eventually, the alter of the temple in Jerusalem was replaced with an alter of Zeus. This will lead to the Maccabeen revolt, but now we are getting ahead of ourselves a bit. Suffice to say, that even thought there similarities to the 'end times' and the abuses performed in the temple, this time of Antiochus is not that 'end time', or the time immediately preceding the Second Advent of Christ.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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