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Lesson # Dan. 11:28-35
Study Material - Dan. 11:28-35
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28 'Then he will return to his land with much plunder; but his heart will be set against the holy covenant, and he will take action and then return to his own land. 29 'At the appointed time he will return and come into the South, but this last time it will not turn out the way it did before. 30 'For ships of Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened, and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant. 31 'And forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation. 32 'And by smooth words he will turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will display strength and take action. 33 'And those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder, for many days. 34 'Now when they fall they will be granted a little help, and many will join with them in hypocrisy. 35 'And some of those who have insight will fall, in order to refine, purge, and make them pure, until the end time; because it is still to come at the appointed time.
The final days of Antiochus is in these verses. Then in verse 36, Daniel will jump forward in time, over the remainder of the Age of Israel prior to its interruption, and over the Church Age, to the last week of his seventy weeks prophecy, to the end time, the last seven years of the Age of Israel.
Two years later, Antiochus came again against Egypt, but this time, Ptolemy had better terms with the Romans and Antiochus' aggression was not as successful. From the west, ships from Kittim, or Cyprus (Roman ships) came but not with an army. The ships carried ambassadors.
One in particular, Popilius, came to meet Antiochus, who was in siege against Alexandria. Popilius demanded that Antiochus withdraw and remove the siege. Antiochus requested more time to make his decision, and Popilius took a long staff, walked around Antiochus and drew a circle in the ground as he walked around Antiochus. Popilius demanded that Antiochus make up his mind before he walked out of the circle, lest Rome take actions to make up his mind for him. Antiochus gave in and withdrew, but he was not a happy camper.
He took out his revenge against the peoples of Judea, setting up his alter to Zeus, and terminating the daily sacrifices for the stated 2300 days, Dan. 8:14.
Jason who is the brother Onias the High Priest, sold out his brother for the position. Jason set up training schools in the arts of the Greek beliefs, and Menelaus (who bought off the High Priest position for an even higher price), ultimately set up the alter of Zeus in the temple in Jerusalem. Those who were for Antiochus were rewarded. Those who were against Antiochus were persecuted. Many of the Jewish faith abandoned their faith and joined the Syrians. A revolt followed. This is the Maccabeen revolt. And Antiochus had a lot of trouble on his hands for the next six years. Antiochus constantly enforced a policy of ruthlessness, murder, rape, property seizure, imprisonment, slavery, and so forth.
The revolt helped hold off some of the brutalities of Antiochus, but the revolt was weak at best.
In verse 35, the time of Antiochus ended. We have already seen the nature of his end in chapter 8. He died a rather disgusting, terrifying, stench filled, and painful death what with the maggot infestation within his own body. I won't retype that description. You can go back to the previous study for that description by Josephus.
For all that he was, Antiochus was just another predator in the jungle. He came and he went. History swallowed him up to be forgotten except for his reference in this prophecy and various history records. By the way, some have asked for more details on these various kings, and there is actually a great deal of historical record in Britannica Encyclopedia (the CD version - which is a pretty good resource by the way), online there are numerous university web sites that have history records, and if you happen to have the International Standard Bible Encyclopedia or the McClintock and Strong Bible Encyclopedia, those are a couple of good resources as well.
History will come and go like the tides. The appointed time is not for man to know, because mans priority is not future prediction but the current state of his own soul. No one knows the day or the hour of the Rapture, nor the hour of the Second Advent. we can look around us and see history unfolding and the arrangement of power spheres in the north, south, east and west of Israel, but history is always just a moment away from Gods decision to end it.
We have seen in Revelation, that Jesus Christ's arm in on that lever which will instantly thrown the switch of history into its next phase. That decision could have occurred at anytime since His ascension nearly 1972 years ago. There have always been powers on all sides of Israel throughout history, and the basic four powers (north, south, east, west) have existed since the division of the Greek empire. The east has always been asleep, and always will be. The west has always supported Israel and the King of the South. The King of the North has always been in opposition against the South and always will be. So to sit back and say that our time is the time of the end is presumptuous.
Certainly we are closer to the Rapture today that we were yesterday or a century ago. Goes without saying. But how close? No one knows. We may still have another century to go in our Church Age, perhaps even more. The point is, we are not to focus our concentration on the future possibility of prophecy happening in our life time, but we are to emphasize our daily spiritual growth for the purpose of preparing ourselves for our own individual eternal lives.
We learn some prophecy certainly, but the focus of the prophecy that remains is for those who will actually live it. They will need all the encouragement they can get because they times of the Tribulation will be extreme and terrible. None of us would want to live in those times. Jesus describes it as the very worst of times in all of human history, even to the point that no human life would survive it if those days were not cut short, Matt. 24:21-22.
We can look back at history and even in our current times and see some very disgusting things happening to people from individual children to peoples of nations and yet these tyrannies will be nothing when compared to the atrocities that will occur in the Tribulation.
The remainder of this chapter deals with the tyrant Dictator of Israel in the Tribulation and the events surrounding that time. it will take us a little time to get through this chapter as we will need to go to other passages in Ezekiel and Isaiah to define some of these players.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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