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Daily Bible Study
Lesson # Genesis 4:1-2
Study Material - Genesis 4:1-2
You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
1 Now the man had relations with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Cain, and she said, 'I have gotten a man child with the help of the LORD.' 2 And again, she gave birth to his brother Abel. And Abel was a keeper of flocks, but Cain was a tiller of the ground.
Adam and Eve had many sons and daughters, Gen. 5:4. But here we have the account of two. It is generally assumed that these were the first two children, though this is not specifically stated. This could simply be the account of the example of two children with differing attitudes and interests. In verse 17 Cain had a wife, so there did exist other children. And because of the early state of the human race, this form of inbreeding was not harmful because it would take many, many centuries before the genetics would dilute to the point that marrying ones close relatives was prohibited.
Eve conceived and gave birth to Cain which means 'possession'. In her mind she had been blessed with a son and she named him her possession, with Gods help. Her second son she named Abel, which means vanity. Now her attitude had changed somewhat. Thought they were both named by Eve, they both did not follow their implied destinies.
Man cannot know their destiny, nor can man foresee the destiny of their children. Each child born is an unknown, and a potential. Even with proper teaching, and we can assume that Adam and Eve both gave their children proper instruction. God as well was there to provide information for the children.
A contrast was established in their lives. Cain toiled with the soil and probably received 'Farmer of the Year' awards for his production. Abel, on the other hand, tended the cattle and sheep, and whatever other livestock they had at the time. He would sit on the hillside and watch over the flocks.
Now there weren't too many natural enemies at this time. Remember that the animals were vegetarians as they had been created thus from Gen. 1:30. So the vicious animals we see in our wild life of today did not exist yet. More on this later.
Eve sought to name her children in accordance with her perceptions. But Cain did not turn out so well. She became disenchanted and named Abel, vanity, or emptiness. But her naming scheme was in error. For Abel would be the positive one, thought he sat on the hillside all day long. And Cain would turn out to be the bad apple, though he worked hard day in and day out.
Human effort counts for nothing when you seek to credit yourself for your own efforts. Often people think that they have to hustle in life and that is enough to get them some kind of righteous credit with mankind and God. But man looks on the outward, and God looks on the soul.
Eve made this mistake as well, at least initially. She was probably proud of Cain because he was a hard worker and Abel appeared to be lazy. But their spiritual attitudes were the most important and that overflows to ones daily lives. Abel was responsible in his watching over the flocks. He probably pulled them out of a thicket if one got stuck. He led them to water daily and to grazing areas for food. He probably did not work up a great sweat because the effort did not call for it.
Cain on the other hand had much harder work. With his tilling and planting and weeding and watering and harvesting. Note that he was not some dumb caveman, but a very intelligent person. Planning and mapping out his gardens. Observing and figuring out what to plant and when. How the pollination worked with the bees and so forth. Certainly he did not learn it all on his own, but was given some help from God, because he did converse with God. See vs. 9.
We do not know how our children will work out in life. All we can do is try to give them an environment of safety and knowledge, and especially Bible doctrine. If they choose to learn and apply what they learn to their lives, then so much the better for them. If they choose to ignore instruction, then they are in for a hard life. Rebellious children will meet frustration with frustration and hopefully they will figure it out, that banging ones head against the wall just doesn't get you anywhere.
Bible doctrine sets an example for us, in that God provides for all our needs. He provided the plants for Cain as well as the livestock for Abel. Their chosen occupation was not the issue, because a believer and spiritually great person can come from any occupation. The issue was in their souls. Their attitude toward God and Bible doctrine. We will see that Cain will reject God, and Abel will accept God.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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