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Genesis 10:21-32

Lesson # Genesis 10:21-32
Study Material - Genesis 10:21-32

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Gen. 10:21-32

21 And also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. 22 The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram. 23 And the sons of Aram were Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash. 24 And Arpachshad became the father of Shelah; and Shelah became the father of Eber. 25 And two sons were born to Eber; the name of the one was Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother's name was Joktan. 26 And Joktan became the father of Almodad and Sheleph and Hazarmaveth and Jerah 27 and Hadoram and Uzal and Diklah 28 and Obal and Abimael and Sheba 29 and Ophir and Havilah and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan. 30 Now their settlement extended from Mesha as you go toward Sephar, the hill country of the east. 31 These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, according to their nations. 32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their genealogies, by their nations; and out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.

The last of the three sons of Noah is mentioned here as to his descendants and the languages and the nations and the divisions thereof. This last list has a great deal of information in it. Shem is referred to as the father of Eber. Eber is his great grandson. Now why is Shem called the father of all the children of Eber. Why not Arpachshad, or Shelah, or even Eber himself? I wish I could pause here for email feedback to see what the answers would be. Anyway, Shem is the son of Noah. One of three sons. Shem represents the line of promise, the line of Jesus Christ. Japheth who here is referred to as the elder brother, represents the line of the gentiles who in the future would share the tent of Shem. Refer to the study at the end of chapter 9. And Ham was the line of cursing.

Eber is word for Heber, which is a word for Hebrew, which Abraham is called later on, or a son of Eber. This implies that Eber was a devout man of God. And Eber lived at the time of the division of the earth. Now stay with me. Eber is in the same generation as Babel, son of Nimrod. When the tower was being built, there was one large family and one language. Yet this chapter defines all these descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japheth as the nations, languages as they separated on the earth after the flood. But the separation did not come until after the language disruption as a result of the Tower of Babel incident. This is referred to in verse 25, 'in the days when the earth was divided'. This division occurred in two ways. The tower resulted in a division by God in language driving peoples apart and forced them to begin their migrations north, east, and south. Second Noah was in his latter years and as we have seen, Japheth's descendants were given the lands to the north through the Black and Caspian Seas and to the east into India.

Ham was given the lands to the south and distant west in Egypt, Libya and Africa in general. And Shem was given the lands in the center from Israel down into Saudi Arabia. The promised land given to Abraham is described as being bordered on the west by the Nile, on the east by the Euphrates river to the Persian Gulf, and on the south by the Indian Ocean, and on the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

Japheth was outside this area to the north and east, and Ham was outside this area to the south and west into Africa. But we have already seen that Canaan did not go to his assigned area but settled down in the central area on the Mediterranean Sea. An area which was not given to him and his descendants.

The descendants of Joktan, all thirteen of them settled in the Saudi Arabia area. This is the reference of Mesha to Sephar in verse 30, whereas Uz settled in the areas of Syria, and Abraham left the region of Ur when he was sent out by God. Ur is an area, or thought to have been in the area of the Euphrates and the Persian Gulf in southern Iraq.

Now if you remember your history class from your school days. When you studied ancient world history. There were three or perhaps four general areas of civilizations. One was Mesopotamia in this central region of Syria, Iraq and so forth. The next was in Egypt and the dynasties of the Pharaoh's and such. The third was in India closely linked to the fourth which was in China. The India/China area could be considered one group which of course later split further to the north into Tibet, Mongolia, and Russia.

So here in this chapter God tells us where the beginnings of our nations, their languages, and the line of Christ began. The split which occurred in the time of Eber and the promise of the Hebrews, which would be the language which was spoken by Eber. In this God separates or begins the separation of the promised line, by language. And He makes it very clear that the line of Shem through Eber and his son, Peleg, was the line of the savior. Joktan was given not the promised land along the Med., but the lands to the south in Saudi Arabia (from Mesha to Sephar).

The final verse tells us that this was the final division of the nations after the flood, but from Noah this is about four to six generations later. Joktan had a on whose name was Havilah, just as Cush had a son named that. This refers to the name of the land in Adam's time. A land that was totally destroyed by the flood. It also refers to the world rather than God. Gods paradise was in the Garden not in the outside area of Havilah, thus the negative attitude or the attachment to the earth by these generations of Joktan and Cush, but with full knowledge of the historical events surrounding Adam. Most likely many of the personal names of these first generations were derived from actual persons or places prior to the flood. They being named after them. God only knows for now. We have only a couple of examples and no other references to names from before the flood. So this is just a guess. But people do generally tend to get names for their children from others in history, from family, or famous persons, or geographical areas.

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End Of Lesson

Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.

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