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Lesson # Genesis 14:14-16
Study Material - Genesis 14:14-16
You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
14 And when Abram heard that his relative had been taken captive, he led out his trained men, born in his house, three hundred and eighteen, and went in pursuit as far as Dan. 15 And he divided his forces against them by night, he and his servants, and defeated them, and pursued them as far as Hobah, which is north of Damascus. 16 And he brought back all the goods, and also brought back his relative Lot with his possessions, and also the women, and the people.
Abram heard the news of the battle and the capture of Lot. He called up the adult males in his organization. His servants who work for him. Adult males over the age of 20 years, numbering 318 men who followed Abram without question, without hesitation.
They were led, 'ruwq', to pour out, to draw out, to empty. Every man went with Abram, to the last man in a pouring fashion. They poured out of the encampment.
Trained men. Trained, 'chaniyk', initiation completed, practiced, trained, disciplined. These were shepherds certainly, but they were well prepared to fight if need be. They were alert men. They were men that thought their way through a problem in an objective fashion. They were not 'shoot from the hip' emotional 'charge into action' type of men. They were methodical, systematic, confident and courageous men.
They went in pursuit, 'radaph', to run after with hostile intent, put to flight, follow, hunt, persecute, pursue without letting up. So now we have their mental attitude in this event. Look at the odds. On the one hand we have shepherds who probably fought lions or wolves to protect sheep and such. They stood together for common protection against possible marauders. On the other hand we have a trained professional army, fresh off the battle field and heading home with all their booty, and slaves, and such.
The size of the army of Chedorlaomer is not given, but it is implied that they were greater in number than the force of Abram. Abram divided his force and attacked at night. The enemy force could not see well but heard the attack coming in the dark and from several directions. Panic ensued and the chase was on.
They were chased to Hobah near Damascus. Hobah, 'chowbah' is the feminine of 'chabah', to hide ones self as a frightened woman.
The army of Chedorlaomer ran, not to a fortified city like Damascus, but ran past it to hide in the hills of Hobah.
The picture of a bully is pseudo courage when the opponent is smaller and relative helpless. They push around and take their pleasure at the expense of the victim. But when confronted by an unknown, or by the perception of a greater force, then their true cowardice come to the surface. As they ran, they scattered their loot for miles along the way. And Abram was there to pick it all up when he returned to his home.
Abram recover all the goods, Lot and his family, and all the other people taken captive, who, by the way were predominantly women. I'm sure you all know why women were taken captive, and it isn't just for cooking and sewing. Note too that Lot was a man, but he remained alive, as most of the other men in the battle died or ran off into the hills. So the attacked cities had cowards for men who ran off. Lot was alive by the grace of God only. Abram's army of shepherds were men of courage and doctrine. Chedorlaomer's army was comprised of bullies who take advantage of the helpless, but run and hide when confronted by real courage.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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