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Daily Bible Study
Lesson # Genesis 14:17-18
Study Material - Genesis 14:17-18
You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.
17 Then after his return from the defeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the valley of Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley). 18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine; now he was a priest of God Most High.
Abram returned with all that the peoples had originally lost. The goods and the captives were all rescued. The first king to come out to greet him was the king of Sodom, the replacement of the original king that died in the tar pits. But the chapter skips over his greeting and interest in Abram's return and moves on to the greeting of the king of Salem, Melchizedek.
Salem is the predecessor of Jerusalem, one of the oldest cities in history. When you compare the words used for 'king', and the title of 'Melchizedek', the word used for valley, you get a clearer picture as to what is taking place here. Hebrews 7 sheds some more light on Melchizedek as well, a ruler without beginning or end, without parents or descendants, but this too is in reference to the pattern of Christ not to the person of the specific king.
Abram was met in the valley of 'Shaveh', a plain, to level, to equalize. He was met by the king of Sodom. Men meeting men are equal in the spiritual realm regardless of rank or station in life. The playing field is leveled by God. No title or other criteria of this world can change the equal opportunity on people with regard to spiritual growth. Some advance and some do not. The only difference is the volition of the two.
Abram met the King, 'melek', a king, one of royalty, one inducted into royalty. Kings in this life think they are placed there by their own accomplishments, by their own abilities. But God is really the one who inducts man into his individual place in life. No person can boast as to their accomplishments or abilities because God is really the source of all that we have. Whether we choose to follow the good life or the bad.
They met in the valley, 'emeq', broad depression. A place on the earth. All of mans accomplishments are of this earth and can go no higher. Where in contrast, Gods accomplishments are from heaven.
Melchizedek, 'Malkiy-Tsedeq', king of right, natural, legal, just, righteous. Most kings gain their title through victory on the battle field, or victory in politics. Both manipulations of human effort, but God assigns the natural right to title in this pattern of royalty. Both of the royal and priestly lines. The former recognizing the authority and power of the title. The latter recognizing the spiritual truth and correct access to Deity.
Who is Melchizedek? Some think he is Shem, son of Noah, or even Noah himself. Others think he is a manifestation of Jesus Christ. But the references in Hebrews sort of negates the first two, and actions of Melchizedek negate the latter. The patterns of the Old Testament always serve as shadows of the true light which is Jesus Christ. Looking back from the Cross through time, with the glorified Christ being on the opposite side of the Old Testament times, the Cross strikes a shadow backwards in time. Thus the pictures drawn from former times are described as shadows in Heb. 10. Shadows pointing to the reality. The shadow is merely an empty picture of something real. And Christ is the real thing portrayed in the Old Testament offerings and sacrifices, and all teachings regarding Christ.
Melchizedek is the pattern of the prophesy of Christ who will be the king/priest above all titles in creation. Melchizedek brought out bread and wine, speaking of the sacrifice of Christ on the Cross. Melchizedek is the king and priest and God Most High, God the Father. A natural and valid appointed title coming from God alone. Not a title won on the battle field or in political maneuvers.
His first order of business is the praise and thanks to God for the victory in contrast to that of the king of Sodom who was concerned with the goods and the people. An honorable concern for things and folks, but with little regard for God. Without God there would have been no victory.
Now is the time to post a prayer.
End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.
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