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Genesis 15:17-21

Lesson # Genesis 15:17-21
Study Material - Genesis 15:17-21

You must be in fellowship prior to your Bible study, so that the spiritual information you receive can become a source of blessing to your soul and produce spiritual growth.

Gen. 15:17-21

17 And it came about when the sun had set, that it was very dark, and behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a flaming torch which passed between these pieces. 18 On that day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, 'To your descendants I have given this land, From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates: 19 the Kenite and the Kenizzite and the Kadmonite 20 and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Rephaim 21 and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Girgashite and the Jebusite.'

The sun will set on this portion of history for the descendants of Abram. They will be in the darkness of their afflictions, slaves in Egypt, in one of their darkest hours. The oven is that of their slavery in Egypt, Deu. 4:20, and the source of their pressures, Isa. 48:10.

But God states to Abram that He has 'already' given the land to his descendants. Past tense. 'Have given'.
This decision was made when God issued His decrees for human history in eternity past. Most probably, Noah was given this same division of the lands when Noah's three sons received their inheritance. But as we all know, people generally ignore what they are told and many of the descendants of Ham came to live in the land, rather than the descendants of Shem.

Thus the Canaanites were there illegally for the land was given, has already been given to the descendants of Abram.

The promise is sealed by the walking between the two rows of the divided sacrifice. The smoking oven is the affliction and the torch is the light of the promise. They are brought together in this passing between the portions of meat and joined in an eternal agreement and promise made by God. Note, God walked between the sacrifice portions - man did not. Man was in sad shape, and due to his own bad decisions. God provides this gift unilaterally. Man is the recipient of the gift. God is the source.

The flaming torch consumed the sacrifice. As is the procedure for this sacrifice once the offerer has presented the meat and walked between the portions, then the meat is burned and the smoke of the offering smoke rises toward heaven and is accepted by God. God accepts this sacrifice because it is performed in accordance with His commands.

'On that day...', is a reference to the future date when this gift will be accomplished. Here we separate from human history which we have already seen, and move to 'that day', a date when the second advent of Christ will occur. 'On that day', than there will be the presentation of this land to the descendants of Abram. Note that all Jews are not Israel, and all Israel is not confined to the Jewish race.

This is a spiritual heritage, not one of physical birth. Abraham is the father of many races - Jew and Gentile. The promise is intended for those who believe in the Savior, in the Son of God, in Jesus Christ. This is a promise for believers in history, and will be fulfilled at the second advent. And will be fulfilled permanently at the end of human history and at the beginning of the new universe and new earth, and of course, a new Jerusalem.

The geographical area is described. From the Nile in Egypt to the south and west, to the Euphrates river to the north and east. A huge chunk of real estate. And it will be occupied eventually by many nations. Nations which are decadent and not authorized to be there. So is this the meaning of the promise? To have a specific piece of real estate?


The Euphrates or a river with its name flowed out of the Garden of Eden. So on the one hand we have the promise and provision of God. The Nile flows out of the heart of Africa, through Egypt and the attempt of man to do what God does. Egypt is the source of mans afflictions. God will take over all that is on both boundaries and all that is in between. Eliminating the bad and replacing it with the good.

The Nile and the Euphrates will still be there when the Millennium begins, but only for 1000 years. After that the heavens and earth will be destroyed and a new heavens and earth will be created. So this piece of real estate will not be here for very long.

The real promise is spiritual. The promise of Gods eternal provision and inheritance to those who believe. The nations who currently reside in the promised land, may seem mighty and formidable on the surface, but God is more powerful than all of the nations in history combined. Those who oppose God will be removed permanently. They may think they cover a broad range of land, have many resources, have power and might, but in reality they are nothing and will disappear with the morning mist. Zech. 12:6, In that day, God will make his peoples a powerful torch and will consume all enemies on the right and on the left.

If God be for us, then who can oppose us? No one.

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End Of Lesson

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