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1 And it
came to pass in the days [yowm] of Ahaz ['Achaz] the son [ben] of Jotham, [Yowtham] the
son [ben] of Uzziah, [`Uzziyah] king [melek] of Judah, [Yahuwdah] that Rezin [Ratsiyn] the
king [melek] of Syria, ['Aram] and Pekah [Peqach] the son [ben] of Remaliah, [Ramalyahuw]
king [melek] of Israel, [Yisra'el] went up [`alah] toward
Jerusalem [Yaruwshalaim] to war [milchamah] against it, but could [yakol] not prevail [lacham] against it. KJV-Interlinear
1 Now it
came about in the days of Ahaz, the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of
Judah, that Rezin the king of Aram and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of
Israel, went up to Jerusalem to wage war against it, but could not conquer it. NASB
Chapter seven begins with the mention of Ahaz as king of Judah, and his war with Rezin and Pekah.
In 2 Chron. 28, this same war is mentioned, but there we are told that prior to Rezin and Pekah, Ahaz had lost two wars with the Syrians, and once by the northern nation of Israel. That means that Ahaz was in a deep crisis when Isaiah came to see him.
The period covered here was approximately in the 730's B.C.
Rezin was the king of Damascus. Pekah, was the king of the northern nation of Israel. And Ahaz was the king of the southern nation of Judah. These events occurred late in the reign of Ahaz.
Rezin and Pekah sought an alliance to hold off the advances of Assyria, and wanted to replace Ahaz with someone more likeable and friendly to their alliance.
But while Rezin and Pekah may have had their agenda, the agenda of evil was to get rid of the House of David and replace it with another family. This was nothing less than an attack on the dynasty and line of Christ, and we know that all attempts against Christ come solely from Satan. Satan is the general architect of history in so far as his attempt to derail Gods plan. Satan of course fails.
Ahaz had been sending gifts and accolades to Tiglath-pileser, king of Assyria, in defiance of the alliance that Rezin and Pekah were trying to form. They descended on Jerusalem, and with Isaiah's intervention, were held off.
Then they heard news of the advance of Assyria and withdrew from Jerusalem. They were later to be defeated and thus the end came to their kingdoms. Much of this is detailed in 2 Kg. 15. Damascus fell first followed by the assassination of Pekah leaving most of the northern kingdom of Israel under Assyrian control. Massive deportations followed.
Isaiah will advise neutrality in the matter of Assyria and Syria and Israel, but Ahaz will ignore that advice.
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End Of Lesson
Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.