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Psalm 19:1


1 To the chief Musician, [natsach] A Psalm [mizmowr] of David. [David]

The heavens [shamayim] declare [caphar] the glory [kabowd] of God; ['el] and the firmament [raqiya`] sheweth his [nagad] handywork [ma`aseh]. [yad] KJV-Interlinear


For the choir director. A Psalm of David.

1 The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands. NASB


The chief musician, is intended to address God.

Music is used in many things in life. Music is an expression of emotion, for reaction and for response. Music insights strong emotional feelings of passion and appreciation and awe. Music is often used where words are insufficient to express ones feelings or impressions. Music is often used as the common thread that ties many or all, things toigether.

Heavens, 'shamayim,' is in the plural, and refers to the regions above. It can refer to the clouds, the sky, the moon, the sun, the planets, and the stars. It is commonly used to refer to the entirety of the universe. And it generally is used to express all that can be seen with the naked eye.

Such that the sight is one which originates from within ones soul, and therefore the impressions left, due to what is seen, are upon the soul of the one viewing the skies and above.

Firmament, 'raqiya,' refers to an expanse into which an object or objects are placed. It refers to layers upon layers, or levels upon levels of content.

In Davids day, this would be referring to the many levels including the atmosphere where there is air and birds and such, then beyond that is the outer space layer holding the moon, then the layers that hold the sun and planets, and beyond that the distant stars and so forth.

Even if you do not understand the universe, you can easily figure out that objects reside in different layers or environments. The moon is obviously closer to us than the stars, or the clouds in the sky are closer and in a different level than the moon, for example. These things are obvious.

Today this term can be used to describe the many layers in the opposite direction, too, such as in cells, atoms, electrons, genetics, the oceans and the layers beneath the oceans, the components of life and the planet and so forth.

We just have more science today, so that we can identify many more layers or levels of creation, than folks could in David's time. We even now have theories of dark matter and dark energy and other things that seem to be intricate components of the universe.

Needless to say, David praises God for His design.

This makes the universe and all of creation, a work of design and thought, and effort, rather than a result of an accident and chance.

The universe and all that is in it, is a result of Gods handiwork, 'maaseh,' an action of thought, labor or effort. The creation of the universe is a result of Gods finger work, Psa. 8:3.

Work with ones fingers is light work or intricate work that requires little effort but preciseness in purpose.

Therefore, the creation of the universe was extremely detailed and intricate, but required little effort on Gods part. It was an easy task but done with great care of design. The more we see and discover, the more awe we should have toward God and His vast wisdom and purpose.

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End Of Lesson

Study to show thyself approved (mature) unto God, a workman that needs not to be ashamed, rightly dividing (studying/discerning), the Word of truth.

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